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Polonium-Isotope

Liste, Daten und Eigenschaften aller bekannten natürlichen und künstlichen Isotope des Poloniums sowie radioaktive Zerfallsprodukte bzw. Zwischenprodukte.



Polonium Isotope

Unter Polonium-Isotope werden alle Atomkerne des chemischen Elements Polonium zusammengefasst; diese bestehen allesamt aus einem Atomkern mit 84 Protonen und im ungeladenen Zustand aus 84 Elektronen. Der Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Polonium-Isotopen beruht auf der Anzahl der Neutronen im Kern.

 

Die bekannten Nuklide des chemischen Elements Polonium sind allesamt instabil und damit radioaktiv; das künstliche Nuklid Polonium-209 besitzt mit einer Halbwertszeit von 103 Jahren die längste Lebensdauer.

Natürliche Polonium-Vorkommen bestehen zu 99,998 % aus dem Isotop 210Po; daneben treten in Spuren die Isotope Po-211, 212, 214, 215, 216 und 218 auf.

209Po und 208Po werden durch α-, Protonen- oder Deuteronen-Beschuss von Blei oder Bismut in einem Zyklotron hergestellt werden.

 

Isotopentabelle: Polonium

Isotop
Nuklid
ZANNameAtommasse
[Kernmasse]
{Massenüberschuss}
Spin I
(h/2π)
μA-Nuk
123456789
186Po84186102Polonium-186186,004403(20) u
[185,9583277 u]
{4,10137 MeV}
0+
187Po84187103Polonium-187187,00304(3) u
[186,9569647 u]
{2,83174 MeV}
(1/2-,5/2-)
188Po84188104Polonium-188187,999416(21) u
[187,9533407 u]
{-0,54399 MeV}
0+
189Po84189105Polonium-189188,998473(24) u
[188,9523977 u]
{-1,42239 MeV}
(5/2-)
190Po84190106Polonium-190189,995101(14) u
[189,9490257 u]
{-4,56339 MeV}
0+
191Po84191107Polonium-191190,994558(8) u
[190,9484827 u]
{-5,06919 MeV}
(3/2-)195Rn
191mPo84191107Polonium-191m190,994558(8) u
[190,9484827 u]
{-5,06919 MeV}
(13/2+)
192Po84192108Polonium-192191,991336(12) u
[191,9452607 u]
{-8,07046 MeV}
0+196Rn
192mPo84192108Polonium-192m191,991336(12) u
[191,9452607 u]
{-8,07046 MeV}
(11-)
193Po84193109Polonium-193192,991062(16) u
[192,9449867 u]
{-8,32569 MeV}
(3/2-)-0,389(3)197Rn
193mPo84193109Polonium-193m192,991062(16) u
[192,9449867 u]
{-8,32569 MeV}
(13/2+)-0,742(65)
194Po84194110Polonium-194193,988186(14) u
[193,9421107 u]
{-11,00467 MeV}
0+198Rn
194mPo84194110Polonium-194m193,988186(14) u
[193,9421107 u]
{-11,00467 MeV}
(11-)
195Po84195111Polonium-195194,98813(4) u
[194,9420547 u]
{-11,05683 MeV}
(3/2-)-0,601(42)199Rn
195mPo84195111Polonium-195m194,98813(4) u
[194,9420547 u]
{-11,05683 MeV}
(13/2+)-0,932(65)
196Po84196112Polonium-196195,985536(15) u
[195,9394607 u]
{-13,47313 MeV}
0+200Rn
196mPo84196112Polonium-196m195,985536(15) u
[195,9394607 u]
{-13,47313 MeV}
11-
197Po84197113Polonium-197196,98566(5) u
[196,9395847 u]
{-13,35762 MeV}
(3/2-)-0,882(65)201Rn
197mPo84197113Polonium-197m196,98566(5) u
[196,9395847 u]
{-13,35762 MeV}
(13/2+)-1,053(75)
198Po84198114Polonium-198197,983389(19) u
[197,9373137 u]
{-15,47305 MeV}
0+202Rn
198m1Po84198114Polonium-198m1197,983389(19) u
[197,9373137 u]
{-15,47305 MeV}
11-
198m2Po84198114Polonium-198m2197,983389(19) u
[197,9373137 u]
{-15,47305 MeV}
12+
199Po84199115Polonium-199198,983673(19) u
[198,9375977 u]
{-15,2085 MeV}
(3/2-)-0,912(65)203Rn
199mPo84199115Polonium-199m198,983673(19) u
[198,9375977 u]
{-15,2085 MeV}
(13/2+)-1,005(70)
200Po84200116Polonium-200199,981812(8) u
[199,9357367 u]
{-16,94201 MeV}
0+204Rn
200At
201Po84201117Polonium-201200,982264(5) u
[200,9361887 u]
{-16,52098 MeV}
3/2-0,984(70)205Rn
201At
201mPo84201117Polonium-201m200,982264(5) u
[200,9361887 u]
{-16,52098 MeV}
13/2+1,002(70)
202Po84202118Polonium-202201,980739(9) u
[201,9346637 u]
{-17,94151 MeV}
0+206Rn
202At
203Po84203119Polonium-203202,981416(9) u
[202,9353407 u]
{-17,31088 MeV}
5/2-+0,7405(15)207Rn
203At
203m1Po84203119Polonium-203m1202,981416(9) u
[202,9353407 u]
{-17,31088 MeV}
13/2+-0,965(67)
203m2Po84203119Polonium-203m2202,981416(9) u
[202,9353407 u]
{-17,31088 MeV}
204Po84204120Polonium-204203,980310(12) u
[203,9342347 u]
{-18,34112 MeV}
0+208Rn
204At
204mPo84204120Polonium-204m203,980310(12) u
[203,9342347 u]
{-18,34112 MeV}
8++7,38(10)
205Po84205121Polonium-205204,981190(11) u
[204,9351147 u]
{-17,5214 MeV}
5/2-+ 0,76(6)209Rn
205At
205m1Po84205121Polonium-205m1204,981190(11) u
[204,9351147 u]
{-17,5214 MeV}
1/2-
205m2Po84205121Polonium-205m2204,981190(11) u
[204,9351147 u]
{-17,5214 MeV}
13/2+- 0,95(5)
205m3Po84205121Polonium-205m3204,981190(11) u
[204,9351147 u]
{-17,5214 MeV}
19/2-
205m4Po84205121Polonium-205m4204,981190(11) u
[204,9351147 u]
{-17,5214 MeV}
29/2-
206Po84206122Polonium-206205,980474(4) u
[205,9343987 u]
{-18,18835 MeV}
0+210Rn
206At
206m1Po84206122Polonium-206m1205,980474(4) u
[205,9343987 u]
{-18,18835 MeV}
8++7,34(7)
206m2Po84206122Polonium-206m2205,980474(4) u
[205,9343987 u]
{-18,18835 MeV}
9-
207Po84207123Polonium-207206,981593(7) u
[206,9355177 u]
{-17,14601 MeV}
5/2-+ 0,79(6)211Rn
207At
207m1Po84207123Polonium-207m1206,981593(7) u
[206,9355177 u]
{-17,14601 MeV}
1/2-
207m2Po84207123Polonium-207m2206,981593(7) u
[206,9355177 u]
{-17,14601 MeV}
13/2+-0,910(14)
207m3Po84207123Polonium-207m3206,981593(7) u
[206,9355177 u]
{-17,14601 MeV}
19/2-
208Po84208124Polonium-208207,9812456(19) u
[207,9351703 u]
{-17,46961 MeV}
0+212Rn
208At
208mPo84208124Polonium-208m207,9812456(19) u
[207,9351703 u]
{-17,46961 MeV}
8++7,37(5)
209Po84209125Polonium-209208,9824303(19) u
[208,936355 u]
{-16,36607 MeV}
1/2-+ 0,68(8)213Rn
209At
209mPo84209125Polonium-209m208,9824303(19) u
[208,936355 u]
{-16,36607 MeV}
31/2-9,68(8)
210Po84210126Polonium-210209,9828736(12) u
[209,9367983 u]
{-15,95314 MeV}
0+214Rn
210At
210Bi
210mPo84210126Polonium-210m209,9828736(12) u
[209,9367983 u]
{-15,95314 MeV}
16+9,84(8)
211Po84211127Polonium-211210,9866531(13) u
[210,9405778 u]
{-12,43256 MeV}
9/2+-1,197(85)215Rn
211At
211Bi
211m1Po84211127Polonium-211m1210,9866531(13) u
[210,9405778 u]
{-12,43256 MeV}
(25/2+)
211m2Po84211127Polonium-211m2210,9866531(13) u
[210,9405778 u]
{-12,43256 MeV}
(31/2-)
211m3Po84211127Polonium-211m3210,9866531(13) u
[210,9405778 u]
{-12,43256 MeV}
(43/2+)
212Po84212128Polonium-212211,9888679(12) u
[211,9427926 u]
{-10,36948 MeV}
0+216Rn
212Bi
212mPo84212128Polonium-212m211,9888679(12) u
[211,9427926 u]
{-10,36948 MeV}
(18+)
213Po84213129Polonium-213212,992857(3) u
[212,9467817 u]
{-6,65366 MeV}
9/2+217Rn
213Bi
214Po84214130Polonium-214213,9952012(16) u
[213,9491259 u]
{-4,47005 MeV}
0+218Rn
214Bi
215Po84215131Polonium-215214,9994185(23) u
[214,9533432 u]
{-0,54166 MeV}
9/2+219Rn
215Bi
216Po84216132Polonium-216216,0019135(19) u
[215,9558382 u]
{1,78241 MeV}
0+220Rn
216Bi
217Po84217133Polonium-217217,006316(7) u
[216,9602407 u]
{5,88332 MeV}
(9/2+)-1,106(103)221Rn
217Bi
218Po84218134Polonium-218218,0089715(21) u
[217,9628962 u]
{8,3569 MeV}
0+222Rn
218Bi
219Po84219135Polonium-219219,013614(17) u
[218,9675387 u]
{12,68136 MeV}
(9/2+)
220Po84220136Polonium-220220,016386(19) u
[219,9703107 u]
{15,26346 MeV}
0+
221Po84221137Polonium-221221,021228(21) u
[220,9751527 u]
{19,77375 MeV}
222Po84222138Polonium-222222,02414(4) u
[221,9780647 u]
{22,48627 MeV}
0+
223Po84223139Polonium-223223,02907(21) u
[222,9829947 u]
{27,07853 MeV}
224Po84224140Polonium-224224,03211(21) u
[223,9860347 u]
{29,91027 MeV}
0+
225Po84225141Polonium-225225,03707(32) u
[224,9909947 u]
{34,53048 MeV}
226Po84226142Polonium-226226,04031(43) u
[225,9942347 u]
{37,54852 MeV}
0+
227Po84227143Polonium-227227,04539(43) u
[226,9993147 u]
{42,28051 MeV}

 

 

IsotopZerfall (radioaktiver Zerfall)AEMehr
HalbwertszeitZerfallsartAnteilEnergieInfo
1101112131415
Po-18628 μsα zu 182Pb~ 100 %8,501(14) MeV
Po-1871,40(25) msα zu 183Pb~100 %7,979(15) MeVAL
Po-1880,27(3) msα zu 184Pb~100 %8,082(15) MeVAL
Po-1893,5(5) msα zu 185Pb~100 %7,694(15) MeVAL
Po-1902,46(5) msα zu 186Pb100 %7,693(7) MeVAL
Po-19122(1) msα zu 187Pb99,0(10) %7,493(5) MeVAL
Po-191m93(3) msα zu 187Pb96(4) %40(15) keVAL
Po-19232,2(3) msα zu 188Pb
ε zu 192Bi
ca. 99,5 %
ca. 0,5 %
7,230(3) MeV
5,46(3) MeV
AL
Po-192m0,58(10) μsIso zu 192Po100 %2294,6 keV
Po-1930,399(34) sα zu 189Pb≤ 100 %7,094(4) MeVAL
Po-193m245(22) msα zu 189Pb≤ 100 %100(6) keVAL
Po-1940,392(4) sα zu 190Pb
ε zu 194Bi
ca. 100 %
?
6,987(3) MeV
5,024(14) MeV
AL
Po-194m15(2) μs2525,2(8) keV
Po-1954,64(9) sα zu 191Pb
ε zu 195Bi
94(4) %
6(4) %
6,7499(28) MeV
6,97(4) MeV
AL
Po-195m1,92(2) sα zu 191Pb
ε zu 195Bi
Iso zu 195Po
ca. 90 %
ca. 10 %
< 0,01 %


230 keVAL
Po-1965,8(2) sα zu 192Pb
ε zu 196Bi
ca. 98 %
ca. 2 %
6,6581(24) MeV
4,536(28) MeV
AL
Po-196m856(17) nsIso zu 196Po2493,9(4) keV
Po-19784(16) sα zu 193Pb
ε zu 197Bi
44(7) %
56(7) %
6,412(3) MeV
6,33(5) MeV
AL
Po-197m32(2) sα zu 193Pb
ε zu 197Bi
Iso zu 197Po
84(9) %
16(9) %
0,01 %


204 keVAL
Po-1981,760(24) Minutenα zu 194Pb
ε zu 198Bi
57(2) %
43(2) %
6,3097(14) MeV
3,90(3) MeV
AL
Po-198m1200(20) ns2565,92(20) keV
Po-198m20,75(5) μs2691,86+x keV
Po-1995,47(15) Minutenα zu 195Pb
ε zu 199Bi
7,5(3) %
92,5(3) %
6,0743(19) MeV
5,589(21) MeV
AL
Po-199m4,17(5) Minutenα zu 195Pb
ε zu 199Bi
Iso zu 199Po
24(1) %
73,5(10) %
2,5(10) %


310(2) keVAL
Po-20011,51(8) Minutenα zu 196Pb
ε zu 200Bi
11,1(3) %
88,9(3) %
5,9816(18) MeV
3,429(24) MeV
AL
Po-20115,6(1) Minutenα zu 197Pb
ε zu 201Bi
1,13(3) %
98,87(3) %
5,7993(17) MeV
4,895(16) MeV
AL
Po-201m8,96(12) Minutenα zu 197Pb
ε zu 201Bi
Iso zu 201Po
2,4(5) %
41,4(7) %
56,2(12) %


424,1(23) keVAL
Po-20244,6(4) Minutenα zu 198Pb
ε zu 202Bi
1,92(7) %
98,08(7) %
5,7010(17) MeV
2,800(18) MeV
AL
Po-20336,7(5) Minutenα zu 199Pb
ε zu 203Bi
0,11(2) %
99,89(2) %
5,496(5) MeV
4,214(15) MeV
AL
Po-203m145(2) sIso zu 203Po
ε zu 203Bi
ca. 100 %
?

641,68(17) keVAL
Po-203m2200 ns2158,5(6) keV
Po-2043,519(12) Stundenα zu 200Pb
ε zu 204Bi
0,67(3) %
99,33(3) %
5,4849(14) MeV
2,305(14) MeV
AL
Po-204m1639,03(6) keV
Po-2051,74(8) Stundenα zu 201Pb
ε zu 205Bi
0,04(1) %
99,96(1) %
5,325(10) MeV
3,543(11) MeV
AL
Po-205m1310(60) ns143,166(17) keV
Po-205m20,645(20) msIso zu 205Po100 %880,31(7) keVAL
Po-205m357,4(9) msIso zu 205Po100 %1461,21(21) keVAL
Po-205m4115(10) ns3087,2(4) keV
Po-2068,8(1) Tageα zu 202Pb
ε zu 206Bi
5,45(5) %
94,55(5) %
5,3270(13) MeV
1,840(9) MeV
AL
Po-206m1232(4) ns1585,90(11) keV
Po-206m21,05(6) μs2,262,09(12) keV
Po-2075,80(2) Stundenα zu 203Pb
ε zu 207Bi
0,021(2) %
99,979(2) %
5,2159(25) MeV
2,909(7) MeV
AL
Po-207m1205(10) ns68,557(14) keV
Po-207m249(4) μs1115,076(17) keV
Po-207m32,79(8) sIso zu 207Po100 %AL
Po-2082,898(2) Jahreα zu 204Pb
ε zu 208Bi
99,9960(4) %
0,0040(4) %
5,2154(13) MeV
1,4006(29) MeV
AL
Po-208m350(20) ns2528,22(4)
Po-209124(3) Jahreα zu 205Pb
ε zu 209Bi
99,546(7) %
0,454(7) %
4,9792(14) MeV
1,8926(22) MeV
AL
Po-209n119(4) ns
Po-210138,376(2) Tageα zu 206Pb100 %5,40753(7) MeVAL
Po-210m263(5) ns5057,65(5) keV
Po-2110,516(3) sα zu 207Pb100 %7,5946(5) MeVAL
Po-211m125,2(6) sα zu 207Pb
Iso zu 211Po
99,984(4) %
0,016(4) %

1462(5) keVAL
Po-211m2243(21) nsIso zu 211Po100 %2135(5) keV
Po-211m32,8(7) μsIso zu 211Po100 %4872(6) keV
Po-2120,299(2) μsα zu 208Pb100 %8,95420(11) MeVAL
Po-212m45,1(6) sα zu 208Pb
Iso zu 212Po
99,93(2) %
0,07(2) %

2922(15) keVAL
Po-2133,72(2) μsα zu 209Pb100 %8,5361(26) MeVAL
Po-214164,3(20) μsα zu 210Pb100 %7,83354(6) MeVAL
Po-2151,781(4) msα zu 211Pb
β- zu 215At
99,99977(2) %
0,00023(2) %
7,5263(8) MeV
0,714(7) MeV
AL
Po-2160,145(2) sα zu 212Pb100 %6,9063(5) MeVAL
Po-2171,53(5) sα zu 213Pb
β- zu 217At
> 95 %
< 5 %
6,6621(23) MeV
1,489(8) MeV
AL
Po-2183,098(12) Minutenα zu 214Pb
β- zu 218At
99,980(2) %
0,020(2) %
6,11475(9) MeV
0,259(12) MeV
AL
Po-219620(59) sβ- zu 219At
α zu 215Pb
71,8(20) %
28,2(20) %
2,285(16) MeV
5,91(5) MeV
AL
Po-220> 300 nsβ- zu 220At?0,888(23) MeVAL
Po-221112 sβ- zu 221At?2,991(24) MeVAL
Po-222550(430) sβ- ? AL
Po-223> 300 nsβ- zu 223At?3,65(20) MeVAL
Po-224> 300 nsβ- zu 224At?2,2(2) MeVAL
Po-225> 300 nsβ- zu 225At?4,14(42) MeVAL
Po-226> 300 nsβ- zu 226At?2,93(50) MeVAL
Po-227> 300 nsβ- zu 227At?4,8(5) MeVAL

 

Erläuterungen zu den einzelnen Spalten:

1 - Symbol mit Nukleonenzahl.
2 - Z = Anzahl der Protonen (Ordnungszahl).
3 - Massenzahl A.
4 - N = Anzahl der Neutronen.
5 - Bezeichnung des Polonium-Isotops; gegebenenfalls Trivialnamen.
6 - Relative Atommasse des Polonium-Isotops (Isotopenmasse inklusive Elektronen) und in eckigen Klammern die Masse des Atomkerns (Kernmasse, Nuklidmasse ohne Elektronen), jeweils bezogen auf 12C = 12,00000 [2]. Zusätzlich ist der Massenüberschuss (Massenexzess) in MeV angegeben.
7 - Kernspin I, Einheit: h/2π.
8 - Kernmagnetisches Moment μmag.
9 - Ausgangsnuklide: Mögliche, angenommene oder tatsächliche Ausgangs-Nuklide (Mutternuklide, Elternnuklide). Die entsprechenden Zerfalls-Modi sind gegebenenfalls bei den Daten des jeweiligen Ausgangsnuklids zu finden.
10 - Zerfall: Halbwertszeiten des Polonium-Isotops mit a = Jahre; ; d = Tage; h = Stunden; min = Minuten; s = Sekunden.
11 - Zerfall: Zerfallsart in die jeweiligen Tochternuklide mit n = Neutronenemission; p = Protonenemission; α = Alpha-Zerfall; ß- = Beta-Minus-Zerfall unter Elektronenemission; EE = Elektroneneinfang; ß+ = Positronenemission; ε = ß+ und/oder EE; Iso = Isomerieübergang; CZ = Cluster-Zerfall; SZ = Spontanzerfall.
12 - Zerfall: Zerfallsanteil in Prozent (%).
13 - Zerfall: Zerfallsenergie; Partikelenergie bezogen auf Zerfallsart.
14 - AE = Anregungsenergie für metastabile Kerne.
15 - Sonstige Informationen und Hinweise: AL = Weitere Niveaus, so genannte Adopted Levels (Verlinkung auf externe Daten [1]).

Sonstige:

()- Eingeklammerte Ziffern: Unsicherheit zur Darstellung der Streubreite des angegebenen Wertes.
~ - Theoretische Werte oder systematische Trends.
  - ungelistet-: Nuklide, die in der Literatur bereits erwänhnt wurden, aber aus irgendwelchen Gründen in den aktuellen Nuklidtabellen nicht mehr zu finden sind, weil sich deren Entdeckung z. B. nicht bestätigt hat.

 

NMR-aktive Polonium-Nuklide

Nuklid
Anteil
Spin I
Kernmagnetisches
Moment
μ/μN
Gyromagnetisches
Verhältnis
107 rad T-1 s-1
Quadrupol-
Moment
Q fm-2
Resonanz-
Frequenz
v0 bei 1 T
Relative
Empfindlichkeit
H0 = const.
v0 = const. *
209Po
Spuren
1/2-
+ 0,68(8)7,411,70,02096
0,2757

*) bezogen auf 1H = 1,000

 

Strahlenschutz

Für den Umgang mit den Polonium-Radionukliden gelten gemäß Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV 2018) unter anderem folgende Werte (Spalten 1 bis 7):

NuklidFreigrenzenHRQ-SchwelleOFKTochternuklideHalbwertszeit
Po-203106 Bq1 Bq cm-21 Bq/cm236,7 Minuten
Po-205106 Bq10 Bq/g1 Bq cm-21,7 Stunden
Po-206106 Bq10 Bq/g8,8 Tage
Po-207106 Bq10 Bq/g1 Bq cm-25,8 Stunden
Po-208104 Bq1 Bq/g2,9 Jahre
Po-209104 Bq1 Bq/g102,0 Jahre
Po-210104 Bq1 Bq/g0,06 TBq1 Bq cm-2138,4 Tage

(HRQ = Hochradioaktive Quellen; OFK = Oberflächenkontamination)

 

Kernisobare Nuklide des Poloniums

Zu den Polonium-Nukliden isobare Atomkerne befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; Z = Ordnungszahl; A = Nukleonenzahl (Massenzahl).

Z:72737475767778798081828384858687888990919293
AHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRnFrRaAcThPaUNp
187187Hf187Ta187W187Re187Os187Ir187Pt187Au187Hg187Tl187Pb187Bi187Po
188188Hf188Ta188W188Re188Os188Ir188Pt188Au188Hg188Tl188Pb188Bi188Po
189189Hf189Ta189W189Re189Os189Ir189Pt189Au189Hg189Tl189Pb189Bi189Po
190190Ta190W190Re190Os190Ir190Pt190Au190Hg190Tl190Pb190Bi190Po
191191Ta191W191Re191Os191Ir191Pt191Au191Hg191Tl191Pb191Bi191Po191At
192192Ta192W192Re192Os192Ir192Pt192Au192Hg192Tl192Pb192Bi192Po192At
193193W193Re193Os193Ir193Pt193Au193Hg193Tl193Pb193Bi193Po193At193Rn
194194W194Re194Os194Ir194Pt194Au194Hg194Tl194Pb194Bi194Po194At194Rn
195195Re195Os195Ir195Pt195Au195Hg195Tl195Pb195Bi195Po195At195Rn
196196Os196Ir196Pt196Au196Hg196Tl196Pb196Bi196Po196At196Rn
197197Os197Ir197Pt197Au197Hg197Tl197Pb197Bi197Po197At197Rn
198198Os198Ir198Pt198Au198Hg198Tl198Pb198Bi198Po198At198Rn
199199Os199Ir199Pt199Au199Hg199Tl199Pb199Bi199Po199At199Rn199Fr
200200Os200Ir200Pt200Au200Hg200Tl200Pb200Bi200Po200At200Rn200Fr
201201Ir201Pt201Au201Hg201Tl201Pb201Bi201Po201At201Rn201Fr201Ra
202202Ir202Pt202Au202Hg202Tl202Pb202Bi202Po202At202Rn202Fr202Ra
203203Pt203Au203Hg203Tl203Pb203Bi203Po203At203Rn203Fr203Ra
204204Pt204Au204Hg204Tl204Pb204Bi204Po204At204Rn204Fr204Ra
205205Pt205Au205Hg205Tl205Pb205Bi205Po205At205Rn205Fr205Ra
206206Au206Hg206Tl206Pb206Bi206Po206At206Rn206Fr206Ra206Ac
207207Au207Hg207Tl207Pb207Bi207Po207At207Rn207Fr207Ra207Ac
208208Au208Hg208Tl208Pb208Bi208Po208At208Rn208Fr208Ra208Ac208Th
209209Au209Hg209Tl209Pb209Bi209Po209At209Rn209Fr209Ra209Ac209Th
210210Au210Hg210Tl210Pb210Bi210Po210At210Rn210Fr210Ra210Ac210Th
211211Hg211Tl211Pb211Bi211Po211At211Rn211Fr211Ra211Ac211Th
212212Hg212Tl212Pb212Bi212Po212At212Rn212Fr212Ra212Ac212Th212Pa
213213Hg213Tl213Pb213Bi213Po213At213Rn213Fr213Ra213Ac213Th213Pa
214214Hg214Tl214Pb214Bi214Po214At214Rn214Fr214Ra214Ac214Th214Pa
215215Hg215Tl215Pb215Bi215Po215At215Rn215Fr215Ra215Ac215Th215Pa
216216Hg216Tl216Pb216Bi216Po216At216Rn216Fr216Ra216Ac216Th216Pa
217217Tl217Pb217Bi217Po217At217Rn217Fr217Ra217Ac217Th217Pa217U
218218Pb218Bi218Po218At218Rn218Fr218Ra218Ac218Th218Pa218U
219219Pb219Bi219Po219At219Rn219Fr219Ra219Ac219Th219Pa219U
220220Pb220Bi220Po220At220Rn220Fr220Ra220Ac220Th220Pa220U
221221Bi221Po221At221Rn221Fr221Ra221Ac221Th221Pa221U
222222Po222At222Rn222Fr222Ra222Ac222Th222Pa222U
223223Po223At223Rn223Fr223Ra223Ac223Th223Pa223U
224224Po224At224Rn224Fr224Ra224Ac224Th224Pa224U
225225Po225At225Rn225Fr225Ra225Ac225Th225Pa225U225Np
226226Po226At226Rn226Fr226Ra226Ac226Th226Pa226U226Np
227227Po227At227Rn227Fr227Ra227Ac227Th227Pa227U227Np

 

Kernisotone Nuklide des Poloniums

Die zu den Polonium-Kernen isotonen Nuklide befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; N = Anzahl der Neutronen.


103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143
165Sm
166Eu167Eu168Eu
167Gd168Gd169Gd
168Tb169Tb170Tb171Tb
169Dy170Dy171Dy172Dy173Dy
170Ho171Ho172Ho173Ho174Ho175Ho
171Er172Er173Er174Er175Er176Er177Er
172Tm173Tm174Tm175Tm176Tm177Tm178Tm179Tm
173Yb174Yb175Yb176Yb177Yb178Yb179Yb180Yb181Yb
174Lu175Lu176Lu177Lu178Lu179Lu180Lu181Lu182Lu183Lu184Lu
175Hf176Hf177Hf178Hf179Hf180Hf181Hf182Hf183Hf184Hf185Hf186Hf187Hf188Hf189Hf
176Ta177Ta178Ta179Ta180Ta181Ta182Ta183Ta184Ta185Ta186Ta187Ta188Ta189Ta190Ta191Ta192Ta
177W178W179W180W181W182W183W184W185W186W187W188W189W190W191W192W193W194W
178Re179Re180Re181Re182Re183Re184Re185Re186Re187Re188Re189Re190Re191Re192Re193Re194Re195Re
179Os180Os181Os182Os183Os184Os185Os186Os187Os188Os189Os190Os191Os192Os193Os194Os195Os196Os197Os198Os199Os200Os
180Ir181Ir182Ir183Ir184Ir185Ir186Ir187Ir188Ir189Ir190Ir191Ir192Ir193Ir194Ir195Ir196Ir197Ir198Ir199Ir200Ir201Ir202Ir
181Pt182Pt183Pt184Pt185Pt186Pt187Pt188Pt189Pt190Pt191Pt192Pt193Pt194Pt195Pt196Pt197Pt198Pt199Pt200Pt201Pt202Pt203Pt204Pt205Pt
182Au183Au184Au185Au186Au187Au188Au189Au190Au191Au192Au193Au194Au195Au196Au197Au198Au199Au200Au201Au202Au203Au204Au205Au206Au207Au208Au209Au210Au
183Hg184Hg185Hg186Hg187Hg188Hg189Hg190Hg191Hg192Hg193Hg194Hg195Hg196Hg197Hg198Hg199Hg200Hg201Hg202Hg203Hg204Hg205Hg206Hg207Hg208Hg209Hg210Hg211Hg212Hg213Hg214Hg215Hg216Hg
184Tl185Tl186Tl187Tl188Tl189Tl190Tl191Tl192Tl193Tl194Tl195Tl196Tl197Tl198Tl199Tl200Tl201Tl202Tl203Tl204Tl205Tl206Tl207Tl208Tl209Tl210Tl211Tl212Tl213Tl214Tl215Tl216Tl217Tl
185Pb186Pb187Pb188Pb189Pb190Pb191Pb192Pb193Pb194Pb195Pb196Pb197Pb198Pb199Pb200Pb201Pb202Pb203Pb204Pb205Pb206Pb207Pb208Pb209Pb210Pb211Pb212Pb213Pb214Pb215Pb216Pb217Pb218Pb219Pb220Pb
186Bi187Bi188Bi189Bi190Bi191Bi192Bi193Bi194Bi195Bi196Bi197Bi198Bi199Bi200Bi201Bi202Bi203Bi204Bi205Bi206Bi207Bi208Bi209Bi210Bi211Bi212Bi213Bi214Bi215Bi216Bi217Bi218Bi219Bi220Bi221Bi
187Po188Po189Po190Po191Po192Po193Po194Po195Po196Po197Po198Po199Po200Po201Po202Po203Po204Po205Po206Po207Po208Po209Po210Po211Po212Po213Po214Po215Po216Po217Po218Po219Po220Po221Po222Po223Po224Po225Po226Po227Po
191At192At193At194At195At196At197At198At199At200At201At202At203At204At205At206At207At208At209At210At211At212At213At214At215At216At217At218At219At220At221At222At223At224At225At226At227At228At
193Rn194Rn195Rn196Rn197Rn198Rn199Rn200Rn201Rn202Rn203Rn204Rn205Rn206Rn207Rn208Rn209Rn210Rn211Rn212Rn213Rn214Rn215Rn216Rn217Rn218Rn219Rn220Rn221Rn222Rn223Rn224Rn225Rn226Rn227Rn228Rn229Rn
199Fr200Fr201Fr202Fr203Fr204Fr205Fr206Fr207Fr208Fr209Fr210Fr211Fr212Fr213Fr214Fr215Fr216Fr217Fr218Fr219Fr220Fr221Fr222Fr223Fr224Fr225Fr226Fr227Fr228Fr229Fr230Fr
201Ra202Ra203Ra204Ra205Ra206Ra207Ra208Ra209Ra210Ra211Ra212Ra213Ra214Ra215Ra216Ra217Ra218Ra219Ra220Ra221Ra222Ra223Ra224Ra225Ra226Ra227Ra228Ra229Ra230Ra231Ra
205Ac206Ac207Ac208Ac209Ac210Ac211Ac212Ac213Ac214Ac215Ac216Ac217Ac218Ac219Ac220Ac221Ac222Ac223Ac224Ac225Ac226Ac227Ac228Ac229Ac230Ac231Ac232Ac
208Th209Th210Th211Th212Th213Th214Th215Th216Th217Th218Th219Th220Th221Th222Th223Th224Th225Th226Th227Th228Th229Th230Th231Th232Th233Th
212Pa213Pa214Pa215Pa216Pa217Pa218Pa219Pa220Pa221Pa222Pa223Pa224Pa225Pa226Pa227Pa228Pa229Pa230Pa231Pa232Pa233Pa234Pa
216U217U218U219U220U221U222U223U224U225U226U227U228U229U230U231U232U233U234U235U
219Np225Np226Np227Np228Np229Np230Np231Np232Np233Np234Np235Np236Np
228Pu229Pu230Pu231Pu232Pu233Pu234Pu235Pu236Pu237Pu
223Am229Am230Am231Am232Am233Am234Am235Am236Am237Am238Am
232Cm233Cm234Cm235Cm236Cm237Cm238Cm239Cm
233Bk234Bk235Bk236Bk237Bk238Bk239Bk240Bk
237Cf238Cf239Cf240Cf241Cf
240Es241Es242Es
241Fm242Fm243Fm
244Md

 

Literatur und Hinweise

Eigenschaften der Polonium-Isotope

[1] - NuDat: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, based on ENSDF and the Nuclear Wallet Cards.

[2] - G. Audi et. al.: The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nuclear Physics, (2003), DOI 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001.

[3] - Live Chart of Nuclides. Nuclear structure and decay data.

Polonium: Kernmagnetische Eigenschaften - 209Po-NMR

[4] - N. J. Stone: Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2005), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2005.04.001.

[5] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2008), DOI 10.1080/00268970802018367.

[6] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2017 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2018), DOI 10.1080/00268976.2018.1426131.

[7] - N. J. Stone: Table of recommended nuclear magnetic dipole moments. IAEA, (2019).

Weitere Quellen:

[8] - Isotopenhäufigkeiten, Atommassen und Isotopenmassen: Siehe unter dem jeweiligen Stichwort.

[9] - C. Fry, M. Thoennessen:
Discovery of the thallium, lead, bismuth, and polonium isotopes.
In: Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2013), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2012.01.005.

 


Kategorie: Chemische Elemente

Letzte Änderung am 05.07.2020.



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