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Gold-Isotope

Liste, Daten und Eigenschaften aller bekannten natürlichen und künstlichen Isotope des Golds sowie radioaktive Zerfallsprodukte bzw. Zwischenprodukte.



Gold Isotope

Unter Gold-Isotopen versteht man alle Atomkerne des chemischen Elements Gold; diese bestehen aus einem Atomkern mit 79 Protonen und im ungeladenen Zustand aus 79 Elektronen. Der Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Gold-Isotopen liegt in der Anzahl der Neutronen im Atomkern begründet.

In der Natur tritt das monoisotopische chemische Element Gold nur als Isotop Gold-197 auf. Neben diesem stabilen Goldisotop sind 40 weitere Goldnuklide bekannt, die allesamt instabil sind.

Die Standard-Atommasse wird mit 196,966569(5) u angegeben.

 

Isotopentabelle: Gold

Isotop
Nuklid
ZANNameAtommasse
[Kernmasse]
{Massenüberschuss}
Spin I
(h/2π)
μA-Nuk
123456789
170Au7917091Gold-170169,99597(21) u
[169,9526369 u]
{-3,75392 MeV}
(2-)
170mAu7917091Gold-170m169,99597(21) u
[169,9526369 u]
{-3,75392 MeV}
(9+)
171Au7917192Gold-171170,991882(22) u
[170,9485489 u]
{-7,56187 MeV}
(1/2+)
171mAu7917192Gold-171m170,991882(22) u
[170,9485489 u]
{-7,56187 MeV}
(11/2-)
172Au7917293Gold-172171,99000(6) u
[171,9466669 u]
{-9,31494 MeV}
172mAu7917293Gold-172m171,99000(6) u
[171,9466669 u]
{-9,31494 MeV}
173Au7917394Gold-173172,986224(24) u
[172,9428909 u]
{-12,83226 MeV}
(1/2+)177Tl
173mAu7917394Gold-173m172,986224(24) u
[172,9428909 u]
{-12,83226 MeV}
(11/2-)
174Au7917495Gold-174173,98472(9) u
[173,9413869 u]
{-14,23323 MeV}
175Au7917596Gold-175174,98132(4) u
[174,9379869 u]
{-17,40031 MeV}
(1/2+)179Tl
175mAu7917596Gold-175m174,98132(4) u
[174,9379869 u]
{-17,40031 MeV}
(11/2-)
176Au7917697Gold-176175,98012(4) u
[175,9367869 u]
{-18,5181 MeV}
176m1Au7917697Gold-176m1175,98012(4) u
[175,9367869 u]
{-18,5181 MeV}
(3-)
176m2Au7917697Gold-176m2175,98012(4) u
[175,9367869 u]
{-18,5181 MeV}
(9+)
177Au7917798Gold-177176,976870(11) u
[176,9335369 u]
{-21,54546 MeV}
1/2+1,15(5)181Tl
177mAu7917798Gold-177m176,976870(11) u
[176,9335369 u]
{-21,54546 MeV}
(11/2-)
178Au7917899Gold-178177,976056(11) u
[177,9327229 u]
{-22,30369 MeV}
182Tl
179Au79179100Gold-179178,973174(13) u
[178,9298409 u]
{-24,98826 MeV}
(1/2+,3/2+)183Tl
179mAu79179100Gold-179m178,973174(13) u
[178,9298409 u]
{-24,98826 MeV}
180Au79180101Gold-180179,972490(5) u
[179,9291569 u]
{-25,6254 MeV}
184Tl
180Hg
181Au79181102Gold-181180,970079(21) u
[180,9267459 u]
{-27,87123 MeV}
(3/2-)185Tl
181Hg
182Au79182103Gold-182181,969618(22) u
[181,9262849 u]
{-28,30065 MeV}
(2+)1,30(10)182Hg
183Au79183104Gold-183182,967588(10) u
[182,9242549 u]
{-30,19158 MeV}
(5/2)-+ 1,972(23)187Tl
183Hg
183m1Au79183104Gold-183m1182,967588(10) u
[182,9242549 u]
{-30,19158 MeV}
(1/2)+
183m2Au79183104Gold-183m2182,967588(10) u
[182,9242549 u]
{-30,19158 MeV}
(11/2)-
184Au79184105Gold-184183,967452(24) u
[183,9241189 u]
{-30,31827 MeV}
5++ 2,07(2)184Hg
184mAu79184105Gold-184m183,967452(24) u
[183,9241189 u]
{-30,31827 MeV}
2++ 1,44(2)
185Au79185106Gold-185184,9657989(28) u
[184,9224658 u]
{-31,85812 MeV}
5/2-+ 2,170(17)185Hg
185mAu79185106Gold-185m184,9657989(28) u
[184,9224658 u]
{-31,85812 MeV}
5/2-
186Au79186107Gold-186185,965953(23) u
[185,9226199 u]
{-31,71458 MeV}
3-- 1,272(22)186Hg
186mAu79186107Gold-186m185,965953(23) u
[185,9226199 u]
{-31,71458 MeV}
2+
187Au79187108Gold-187186,964543(24) u
[186,9212099 u]
{-33,02798 MeV}
1/2(+)+ 0,531(12)187Hg
187mAu79187108Gold-187m186,964543(24) u
[186,9212099 u]
{-33,02798 MeV}
9/2(-)
188Au79188109Gold-188187,9652480(29) u
[187,9219149 u]
{-32,37128 MeV}
1-- 0,067(28)188Hg
189Au79189110Gold-189188,963948(22) u
[188,9206149 u]
{-33,58222 MeV}
1/2++ 0,494(14)189Hg
189m1Au79189110Gold-189m1188,963948(22) u
[188,9206149 u]
{-33,58222 MeV}
11/2-+ 6,19(2)
189m2Au79189110Gold-189m2188,963948(22) u
[188,9206149 u]
{-33,58222 MeV}
9/2-
189m3Au79189110Gold-189m3188,963948(22) u
[188,9206149 u]
{-33,58222 MeV}
(31/2+)6,6(5)
190Au79190111Gold-190189,964752(4) u
[189,9214189 u]
{-32,8333 MeV}
1-- 0,065(7)190Hg
190mAu79190111Gold-190m189,964752(4) u
[189,9214189 u]
{-32,8333 MeV}
(11-)
191Au79191112Gold-191190,963716(5) u
[190,9203829 u]
{-33,79833 MeV}
3/2++ 0,1369(7)191Hg
191mAu79191112Gold-191m190,963716(5) u
[190,9203829 u]
{-33,79833 MeV}
(11/2-)6,6(6)
192Au79192113Gold-192191,964818(17) u
[191,9214849 u]
{-32,77182 MeV}
1-- 0,0107(15)192Hg
192m1Au79192113Gold-192m1191,964818(17) u
[191,9214849 u]
{-32,77182 MeV}
(5)+
192m2Au79192113Gold-192m2191,964818(17) u
[191,9214849 u]
{-32,77182 MeV}
(11-)
193Au79193114Gold-193192,964138(9) u
[192,9208049 u]
{-33,40524 MeV}
3/2++ 0,1396(5)193Hg
193m1Au79193114Gold-193m1192,964138(9) u
[192,9208049 u]
{-33,40524 MeV}
11/2-6,18(9)
193m2Au79193114Gold-193m2192,964138(9) u
[192,9208049 u]
{-33,40524 MeV}
(31/2+)
194Au79194115Gold-194193,9654191(23) u
[193,922086 u]
{-32,2119 MeV}
1-+ 0,0763(13)194Hg
194m1Au79194115Gold-194m1193,9654191(23) u
[193,922086 u]
{-32,2119 MeV}
(5+)
194m2Au79194115Gold-194m2193,9654191(23) u
[193,922086 u]
{-32,2119 MeV}
(11-)
195Au79195116Gold-195194,9650379(12) u
[194,9217048 u]
{-32,56699 MeV}
3/2+195Hg
195mAu79195116Gold-195m194,9650379(12) u
[194,9217048 u]
{-32,56699 MeV}
11/2-
196Au79196117Gold-196195,966571(3) u
[195,9232379 u]
{-31,13891 MeV}
2-
196m1Au79196117Gold-196m1195,966571(3) u
[195,9232379 u]
{-31,13891 MeV}
5+
196m2Au79196117Gold-196m2195,966571(3) u
[195,9232379 u]
{-31,13891 MeV}
12-
197Au79197118Gold-197196,966569(5) u
[196,9232359 u]
{-31,14078 MeV}
3/2++ 0,145746197Hg
197Pt
197mAu79197118Gold-197m196,966568812(707) u
[196,9232357 u]
{-31,14095 MeV}
11/2-(+) 5,98(9)
198Au79198119Gold-198197,9682437(6) u
[197,9249106 u]
{-29,5808 MeV}
2-+ 0,5934(4)
198m1Au79198119Gold-198m1197,9682437(6) u
[197,9249106 u]
{-29,5808 MeV}
5+-1,11(2)
198m2Au79198119Gold-198m2197,9682437(6) u
[197,9249106 u]
{-29,5808 MeV}
(12-)(+) 5,85(9)
199Au79199120Gold-199198,9687666(6) u
[198,9254335 u]
{-29,09372 MeV}
3/2++ 0,2715(7)199Pt
199mAu79199120Gold-199m198,9687666(6) u
[198,9254335 u]
{-29,09372 MeV}
(11/2)-
200Au79200121Gold-200199,970757(29) u
[199,9274239 u]
{-27,23968 MeV}
(1-)200Pt
200mAu79200121Gold-200m199,970757(29) u
[199,9274239 u]
{-27,23968 MeV}
12-
201Au79201122Gold-201200,971658(3) u
[200,9283249 u]
{-26,4004 MeV}
3/2+201Pt
202Au79202123Gold-202201,973856(25) u
[201,9305229 u]
{-24,35298 MeV}
(1-)202Pt
203Au79203124Gold-203202,975154(3) u
[202,9318209 u]
{-23,1439 MeV}
3/2+
204Au79204125Gold-204203,97783(21) u
[203,9343909 u]
{-20,74996 MeV}
(2-)
205Au79205126Gold-205204,97985(21) u
[204,9365169 u]
{-18,7696 MeV}
(3/2+)
206Au79206127Gold-206205,98474(32) u
[205,9414069 u]
{-14,2146 MeV}
5+,6+
207Au79207128Gold-207206,98839(32) u
[206,9450569 u]
{-10,81465 MeV}
208Au79208129Gold-208207,99345(32) u
[207,9501169 u]
{-6,10129 MeV}
209Au79209130Gold-209208,99727(43) u
[208,9539369 u]
{-2,54298 MeV}
(3/2+)
210Au79210131Gold-210210,00250(43) u
[209,9591669 u]
{2,32873 MeV}

 

 

IsotopZerfall (radioaktiver Zerfall)AEMehr
HalbwertszeitZerfallsartAnteilEnergieInfo
1101112131415
Au-1700,29 msα zu 166Ir
p zu 169Pt
11(10) %
89(10) %
7,177(15) MeV
AL
Au-170m0,62 msα zu 166Ir
p zu 169Pt
42(5) %
58(5) %

285(13) keV
Au-17122 μsp zu 170Pt100 %AL
Au-171m1,04(3) msα zu 167Ir
p zu 170Pt
60(6) %
40(6) %

259(13) keV
Au-17222 msα zu 168Ir
p zu 171Pt
EE/β+ zu 172Pt
ca. 100 %
?
?
6,923(10) MeV

11,79(6) MeV
AL
Au-172m7,7(14) sα zu 168Ir
p zu 171Pt
EE/β+ zu 172Pt
ca. 100 %
< 0,02 %
?


+x keV
Au-17326,3(12) msα zu 169Ir
p zu 172Pt
EE/β+ zu 173Pt
94(19) %
?
?
6,836(5) MeV

9,11(6) MeV
AL
Au-173m12,2(1) msα zu 169Ir
p zu 172Pt
EE/β+ zu 173Pt
92(13) %
?
?


214(23) min
Au-174120(20) msα zu 170Ir> 0 %6,699(7) MeVAL
Au-175α zu 171Ir
EE/β+ zu 175Pt
90(7) %
10 %
6,583(4) MeV
8,31(4) MeV
AL
Au-175m156(5) msα zu 171Ir
EE/β+ zu 175Pt
94 %
6 %

+x keV
Au-176AL
Au-176m11,05(1) sα zu 172Ir
EE/β+ zu 176Pt
?
?

+x keV
Au-176m21,36(2) sα zu 172Ir100 %+y keV
Au-1771,501(20) sα zu 173Ir
EE/β+ zu 177Pt
40(6) %
60(6) %
6,298(4) MeV
7,825(18) MeV
AL
Au-177m1,193(13) sα zu 173Ir
EE/β+ zu 177Pt
60(10) %
40(10) %

182,7(5) keV
Au-1782,6(5) sα zu 174Ir
EE/β+ zu 178Pt
≥ 40 %
≤ 60 %
6,135(25) MeV
9,694(14) MeV
AL
Au-1797,1(3) sα zu 175Ir
EE/β+ zu 179Pt
22,0(9) %
78,0(9) %
5,981(5) MeV
7,280(14) MeV
AL
Au-179m100 μsIso zu 179Au?+x keV
Au-1808,4(6) sα zu 176Ir
EE/β+ zu 180Pt
≥ 1,8 %
≤ 98,2 %
5,828(17) MeV
8,810(12) MeV
AL
Au-18113,7(14) sα zu 177Ir
EE/β+ zu 181Pt
2,7(5) %
97,3(5) %
5,7514(29) MeV
6,510(24) MeV
AL
Au-18215,5(4) sα zu 178Ir
EE/β+ zu 182Pt
0,13(5) %
99,87(5) %
5,526(4) MeV
7,868(24) MeV
AL
Au-18342,8(10) sα zu 179Ir
EE/β+ zu 183Pt
0,55(25) %
99,45(25) %
5,4653(29) MeV
5,581(18) MeV
AL
Au-183m11 μs73,3(4) keV
Au-183m21 μs230,6(6) keV
Au-18420,6(9) sα zu 180Ir
EE/β+ zu 184Pt
≤ 0,016 %
%ge; 99,984 %
5,234(5) MeV
7,016(27) MeV
AL
Au-184m47,6(14) sα zu 180Ir
EE/β+ zu 184Pt
Iso zu 184Au
≤ 0,016 %
70(10) %
30(10) %


66,46(4) keV
Au-1854,25(6) Minutenα zu 181Ir
EE/β+ zu 185Pt
0,26(6) %
99,74(6) %
5,180(5) MeV
4,830(26) MeV
AL
Au-185m6,8(3) MinutenIso zu 185Au
EE/β+ zu 185Pt
?
< 100 %

+x keV
Au-18610,7(5) Minutenα zu 182Ir
EE/β+ zu 186Pt
Spuren
100 %
4,912(14) MeV
6,15(3) MeV
AL
Au-186m110(10) ns227,77(7) keV
Au-1878,3(2) Minutenα zu 183Ir
EE/β+ zu 187Pt
Spuren
100 %
4,751(29) MeV
3,66(3) MeV
AL
Au-187m2,3(1) sIso zu 187Au100 %120,33(14) keV
Au-1888,84(6) MinutenEE/β+ zu 188Pt100 %5,45(6) MeVAL
Au-18928,7(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 189Pt
α zu 185Ir
100 %
Spuren
2,887(22) MeV
4,33(3) MeV
AL
Au-189m14,59(11) MinutenEE/β+ zu 189Pt
Iso zu 189Au
ca. 100 %
?

247,23(16) keV
Au-189m2190(15) nsIso zu 189Au100 %325,12(16) keV
Au-189m3242(10) nsIso zu 189Au100 %2554,8(8) keV
Au-19042,8(10) MinutenEE/β+ zu 190Pt
α zu 186Ir
100 %
Spuren
4,473(4) MeV
3,914(17) MeV
AL
Au-190m125(20) msIso zu 190Au100 %+x keV
Au-1913,18(8) StundenEE/β+ zu 191Pt100 %1,900(6) MeVAL
Au-191m0,92(11) sIso zu 191Au100 %266,2(7) keV
Au-1924,94(9) StundenEE/β+ zu 192Pt100 %3,516(16) MeVAL
Au-192m129 msIso zu 192Au100 %135,41(25) keV
Au-192m2160(20) msIso zu 192Au100 %431,6(5) keV
Au-19317,65(15) StundenEE/β+ zu 193Pt100 %1,075(9) MeVAL
Au-193m13,9(3) sEE/β+ zu 193Pt
Iso zu 193Au
0,03 %
99,97 %

290,20(4) keV
Au-193m2150(50) ns2486,7(6) keV
Au-19438,02(10) StundenEE/β+ zu 194Pt100 %2,5481(22) MeVAL
Au-194m1600(8) msIso zu 194Au100 %107,4(5) keV
Au-194m2420(10) msIso zu 194Au100 %475,8(6) keV
Au-195186,01(6) TageEE zu 195Pt100 %0,2268(12) MeVAL
Au-195m30,5(2) sIso zu 195Au100 %318,58(4) keV
Au-1966,1669(6) TageEE/β+ zu 196Pt
β- zu 196Hg
93,0(3) %
7,0(3) %
1,506(3) MeV
0,687(3) MeV
AL
Au-196m18,1(2) sIso zu 196Au100 %84,656(20) keV
Au-196m29,6(1) StundenIso zu 196Au100 %595,66(4) keV
Au-197stabilAL
Au-197m7,73(6) sIso zu 197Au100 %0,4094 MeV409,15(8) keV
Au-1982,6941(2) Tageβ- zu 198Hg100 %1,3735(5) MeVAL
Gold-198m1124(4) ns312,2227(20) keV
Gold-198m22,272(16) TageIso zu 198Au100 %811,7(15) keV
Au-1993,139(7) Tageβ- zu 199Hg100 %0,4523(6) MeVAL
Au-199m0,44(3) msIso zu 199Au100 %548,9405(21) keV
Au-20048,4(3) Minutenβ- zu 200Hg100 %2,263(27) MeVAL
Au-200m18,7(5) Stundenβ- zu 200Hg
Iso zu 200Au
84(1) %
16(1) %

962(88) keV
Au-20126,0(8) Minutenβ- zu 201Hg100 %1,262(3) MeVAL
Au-20228,4(12) sβ- zu 202Hg100 %2,992(23) MeVAL
Au-20360(6) sβ- zu 203Hg100 %2,126(3) MeVAL
Au-20439,8(9) sβ- zu 204Hg100 %4,04(20) MeVAL
Au-20531(2) sβ- zu 205Hg100 %3,52(20) MeVAL
Au-20640(15) sβ- zu 206Hg100 %6,73(30) MeVAL
Au-207300 nsβ- zu 207Hg
β-, n zu 206Hg
?
?
5,68(30) MeV
2,06(30) MeV
AL
Au-208300 nsβ- zu 208Hg
β-, n zu 207Hg
?
?
7,16(30) MeV
2,31(30) MeV
AL
Au-209300 nsβ- zu 209Hg100 %6,10(43) MeVAL
Au-210300 nsβ- zu 210Hg
β-, n zu 209Hg
?
?
7,69(45) MeV
2,90(43) MeV
AL

 

Erläuterungen zu den einzelnen Spalten:

1 - Symbol mit Nukleonenzahl.
2 - Z = Anzahl der Protonen (Ordnungszahl).
3 - Massenzahl A.
4 - N = Anzahl der Neutronen.
5 - Bezeichnung des Gold-Isotops; gegebenenfalls Trivialnamen.
6 - Relative Atommasse des Gold-Isotops (Isotopenmasse inklusive Elektronen) und in eckigen Klammern die Masse des Atomkerns (Kernmasse, Nuklidmasse ohne Elektronen), jeweils bezogen auf 12C = 12,00000 [2]. Zusätzlich ist der Massenüberschuss (Massenexzess) in MeV angegeben.
7 - Kernspin I, Einheit: h/2π.
8 - Kernmagnetisches Moment μmag.
9 - Ausgangsnuklide: Mögliche, angenommene oder tatsächliche Ausgangs-Nuklide (Mutternuklide, Elternnuklide). Die entsprechenden Zerfalls-Modi sind gegebenenfalls bei den Daten des jeweiligen Ausgangsnuklids zu finden.
10 - Zerfall: Halbwertszeiten des Gold-Isotops mit a = Jahre; ; d = Tage; h = Stunden; min = Minuten; s = Sekunden.
11 - Zerfall: Zerfallsart in die jeweiligen Tochternuklide mit n = Neutronenemission; p = Protonenemission; α = Alpha-Zerfall; ß- = Beta-Minus-Zerfall unter Elektronenemission; EE = Elektroneneinfang; ß+ = Positronenemission; ε = ß+ und/oder EE; Iso = Isomerieübergang; CZ = Cluster-Zerfall; SZ = Spontanzerfall.
12 - Zerfall: Zerfallsanteil in Prozent (%).
13 - Zerfall: Zerfallsenergie; Partikelenergie bezogen auf Zerfallsart.
14 - AE = Anregungsenergie für metastabile Kerne.
15 - Sonstige Informationen und Hinweise: AL = Weitere Niveaus, so genannte Adopted Levels (Verlinkung auf externe Daten [1]).

Sonstige:

()- Eingeklammerte Ziffern: Unsicherheit zur Darstellung der Streubreite des angegebenen Wertes.
~ - Theoretische Werte oder systematische Trends.
  - ungelistet-: Nuklide, die in der Literatur bereits erwänhnt wurden, aber aus irgendwelchen Gründen in den aktuellen Nuklidtabellen nicht mehr zu finden sind, weil sich deren Entdeckung z. B. nicht bestätigt hat.

 

NMR-aktive Gold-Nuklide

Nuklid
Anteil
Spin I
Kernmagnetisches
Moment
μ/μN
Gyromagnetisches
Verhältnis
107 rad T-1 s-1
Quadrupol-
Moment
Q fm-2
Resonanz-
Frequenz
v0 bei 1 T
Relative
Empfindlichkeit
H0 = const.
v0 = const. *
197Au
100 %
3/2+
+ 0,1457460,4692+ 54,7(16)0,74060,00003
0,0870

*) bezogen auf 1H = 1,000

 

Strahlenschutz

Für den Umgang mit den Gold-Radionukliden gelten gemäß Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV 2018) unter anderem folgende Werte (Spalten 1 bis 7):

NuklidFreigrenzenHRQ-SchwelleOFKTochternuklideHalbwertszeit
Au-193107 Bq100 Bq/g0,6 TBq17,7 Stunden
Au-194106 Bq10 Bq/g0,07 TBq38,0 Stunden
Au-195107 Bq10 Bq/g2 TBq186,1 Tage
Au-198106 Bq10 Bq/g0,2 TBq10 Bq cm-22,7 Tage
Au-198m106 Bq10 Bq/g2,3 Tage
Au-199106 Bq100 Bq/g0,9 TBq10 Bq cm-23,1 Tage
Au-200105 Bq100 Bq/g48,4 Minuten
Au-200m+106 Bq10 Bq/g18,7 Stunden
Au-201106 Bq100 Bq/g26,0 Minuten

(HRQ = Hochradioaktive Quellen; OFK = Oberflächenkontamination)

 

Kernisobare Nuklide des Golds

Zu den Gold-Nukliden isobare Atomkerne befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; Z = Ordnungszahl; A = Nukleonenzahl (Massenzahl).

Z:6566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990
ATbDyHoErTmYbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRnFrRaAcTh
170170Tb170Dy170Ho170Er170Tm170Yb170Lu170Hf170Ta170W170Re170Os170Ir170Pt170Au
171171Tb171Dy171Ho171Er171Tm171Yb171Lu171Hf171Ta171W171Re171Os171Ir171Pt171Au171Hg
172172Dy172Ho172Er172Tm172Yb172Lu172Hf172Ta172W172Re172Os172Ir172Pt172Au172Hg
173173Dy173Ho173Er173Tm173Yb173Lu173Hf173Ta173W173Re173Os173Ir173Pt173Au173Hg
174174Ho174Er174Tm174Yb174Lu174Hf174Ta174W174Re174Os174Ir174Pt174Au174Hg
175175Ho175Er175Tm175Yb175Lu175Hf175Ta175W175Re175Os175Ir175Pt175Au175Hg
176176Er176Tm176Yb176Lu176Hf176Ta176W176Re176Os176Ir176Pt176Au176Hg176Tl
177177Er177Tm177Yb177Lu177Hf177Ta177W177Re177Os177Ir177Pt177Au177Hg177Tl
178178Tm178Yb178Lu178Hf178Ta178W178Re178Os178Ir178Pt178Au178Hg178Tl178Pb
179179Tm179Yb179Lu179Hf179Ta179W179Re179Os179Ir179Pt179Au179Hg179Tl179Pb
180180Yb180Lu180Hf180Ta180W180Re180Os180Ir180Pt180Au180Hg180Tl180Pb
181181Yb181Lu181Hf181Ta181W181Re181Os181Ir181Pt181Au181Hg181Tl181Pb
182182Lu182Hf182Ta182W182Re182Os182Ir182Pt182Au182Hg182Tl182Pb
183183Lu183Hf183Ta183W183Re183Os183Ir183Pt183Au183Hg183Tl183Pb
184184Lu184Hf184Ta184W184Re184Os184Ir184Pt184Au184Hg184Tl184Pb184Bi184Fl
185185Hf185Ta185W185Re185Os185Ir185Pt185Au185Hg185Tl185Pb185Bi
186186Hf186Ta186W186Re186Os186Ir186Pt186Au186Hg186Tl186Pb186Bi
187187Hf187Ta187W187Re187Os187Ir187Pt187Au187Hg187Tl187Pb187Bi187Po
188188Hf188Ta188W188Re188Os188Ir188Pt188Au188Hg188Tl188Pb188Bi188Po
189189Hf189Ta189W189Re189Os189Ir189Pt189Au189Hg189Tl189Pb189Bi189Po
190190Ta190W190Re190Os190Ir190Pt190Au190Hg190Tl190Pb190Bi190Po
191191Ta191W191Re191Os191Ir191Pt191Au191Hg191Tl191Pb191Bi191Po191At
192192Ta192W192Re192Os192Ir192Pt192Au192Hg192Tl192Pb192Bi192Po192At
193193W193Re193Os193Ir193Pt193Au193Hg193Tl193Pb193Bi193Po193At193Rn
194194W194Re194Os194Ir194Pt194Au194Hg194Tl194Pb194Bi194Po194At194Rn
195195Re195Os195Ir195Pt195Au195Hg195Tl195Pb195Bi195Po195At195Rn
196196Os196Ir196Pt196Au196Hg196Tl196Pb196Bi196Po196At196Rn
197197Os197Ir197Pt197Au197Hg197Tl197Pb197Bi197Po197At197Rn
198198Os198Ir198Pt198Au198Hg198Tl198Pb198Bi198Po198At198Rn
199199Os199Ir199Pt199Au199Hg199Tl199Pb199Bi199Po199At199Rn199Fr
200200Os200Ir200Pt200Au200Hg200Tl200Pb200Bi200Po200At200Rn200Fr
201201Ir201Pt201Au201Hg201Tl201Pb201Bi201Po201At201Rn201Fr201Ra
202202Ir202Pt202Au202Hg202Tl202Pb202Bi202Po202At202Rn202Fr202Ra
203203Pt203Au203Hg203Tl203Pb203Bi203Po203At203Rn203Fr203Ra
204204Pt204Au204Hg204Tl204Pb204Bi204Po204At204Rn204Fr204Ra
205205Pt205Au205Hg205Tl205Pb205Bi205Po205At205Rn205Fr205Ra
206206Au206Hg206Tl206Pb206Bi206Po206At206Rn206Fr206Ra206Ac
207207Au207Hg207Tl207Pb207Bi207Po207At207Rn207Fr207Ra207Ac
208208Au208Hg208Tl208Pb208Bi208Po208At208Rn208Fr208Ra208Ac208Th
209209Au209Hg209Tl209Pb209Bi209Po209At209Rn209Fr209Ra209Ac209Th
210210Au210Hg210Tl210Pb210Bi210Po210At210Rn210Fr210Ra210Ac210Th

 

Kernisotone Nuklide des Golds

Die zu den Gold-Kernen isotonen Nuklide befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; N = Anzahl der Neutronen.


919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131
143Te
144I145I
145Xe146Xe147Xe148Xe
146Cs147Cs148Cs149Cs150Cs151Cs
147Ba148Ba149Ba150Ba151Ba152Ba153Ba
148La149La150La151La152La153La154La155La
149Ce150Ce151Ce152Ce153Ce154Ce155Ce156Ce157Ce
150Pr151Pr152Pr153Pr154Pr155Pr156Pr157Pr158Pr159Pr
151Nd152Nd153Nd154Nd155Nd156Nd157Nd158Nd159Nd160Nd161Nd
152Pm153Pm154Pm155Pm156Pm157Pm158Pm159Pm160Pm161Pm162Pm163Pm
153Sm154Sm155Sm156Sm157Sm158Sm159Sm160Sm161Sm162Sm163Sm164Sm165Sm
154Eu155Eu156Eu157Eu158Eu159Eu160Eu161Eu162Eu163Eu164Eu165Eu166Eu167Eu168Eu
155Gd156Gd157Gd158Gd159Gd160Gd161Gd162Gd163Gd164Gd165Gd166Gd167Gd168Gd169Gd
156Tb157Tb158Tb159Tb160Tb161Tb162Tb163Tb164Tb165Tb166Tb167Tb168Tb169Tb170Tb171Tb
157Dy158Dy159Dy160Dy161Dy162Dy163Dy164Dy165Dy166Dy167Dy168Dy169Dy170Dy171Dy172Dy173Dy
158Ho159Ho160Ho161Ho162Ho163Ho164Ho165Ho166Ho167Ho168Ho169Ho170Ho171Ho172Ho173Ho174Ho175Ho
159Er160Er161Er162Er163Er164Er165Er166Er167Er168Er169Er170Er171Er172Er173Er174Er175Er176Er177Er
160Tm161Tm162Tm163Tm164Tm165Tm166Tm167Tm168Tm169Tm170Tm171Tm172Tm173Tm174Tm175Tm176Tm177Tm178Tm179Tm
161Yb162Yb163Yb164Yb165Yb166Yb167Yb168Yb169Yb170Yb171Yb172Yb173Yb174Yb175Yb176Yb177Yb178Yb179Yb180Yb181Yb
162Lu163Lu164Lu165Lu166Lu167Lu168Lu169Lu170Lu171Lu172Lu173Lu174Lu175Lu176Lu177Lu178Lu179Lu180Lu181Lu182Lu183Lu184Lu
163Hf164Hf165Hf166Hf167Hf168Hf169Hf170Hf171Hf172Hf173Hf174Hf175Hf176Hf177Hf178Hf179Hf180Hf181Hf182Hf183Hf184Hf185Hf186Hf187Hf188Hf189Hf
164Ta165Ta166Ta167Ta168Ta169Ta170Ta171Ta172Ta173Ta174Ta175Ta176Ta177Ta178Ta179Ta180Ta181Ta182Ta183Ta184Ta185Ta186Ta187Ta188Ta189Ta190Ta191Ta192Ta
165W166W167W168W169W170W171W172W173W174W175W176W177W178W179W180W181W182W183W184W185W186W187W188W189W190W191W192W193W194W
166Re167Re168Re169Re170Re171Re172Re173Re174Re175Re176Re177Re178Re179Re180Re181Re182Re183Re184Re185Re186Re187Re188Re189Re190Re191Re192Re193Re194Re195Re
167Os168Os169Os170Os171Os172Os173Os174Os175Os176Os177Os178Os179Os180Os181Os182Os183Os184Os185Os186Os187Os188Os189Os190Os191Os192Os193Os194Os195Os196Os197Os198Os199Os200Os
168Ir169Ir170Ir171Ir172Ir173Ir174Ir175Ir176Ir177Ir178Ir179Ir180Ir181Ir182Ir183Ir184Ir185Ir186Ir187Ir188Ir189Ir190Ir191Ir192Ir193Ir194Ir195Ir196Ir197Ir198Ir199Ir200Ir201Ir202Ir
169Pt170Pt171Pt172Pt173Pt174Pt175Pt176Pt177Pt178Pt179Pt180Pt181Pt182Pt183Pt184Pt185Pt186Pt187Pt188Pt189Pt190Pt191Pt192Pt193Pt194Pt195Pt196Pt197Pt198Pt199Pt200Pt201Pt202Pt203Pt204Pt205Pt
170Au171Au172Au173Au174Au175Au176Au177Au178Au179Au180Au181Au182Au183Au184Au185Au186Au187Au188Au189Au190Au191Au192Au193Au194Au195Au196Au197Au198Au199Au200Au201Au202Au203Au204Au205Au206Au207Au208Au209Au210Au
171Hg172Hg173Hg174Hg175Hg176Hg177Hg178Hg179Hg180Hg181Hg182Hg183Hg184Hg185Hg186Hg187Hg188Hg189Hg190Hg191Hg192Hg193Hg194Hg195Hg196Hg197Hg198Hg199Hg200Hg201Hg202Hg203Hg204Hg205Hg206Hg207Hg208Hg209Hg210Hg211Hg
176Tl177Tl178Tl179Tl180Tl181Tl182Tl183Tl184Tl185Tl186Tl187Tl188Tl189Tl190Tl191Tl192Tl193Tl194Tl195Tl196Tl197Tl198Tl199Tl200Tl201Tl202Tl203Tl204Tl205Tl206Tl207Tl208Tl209Tl210Tl211Tl212Tl
178Pb179Pb180Pb181Pb182Pb183Pb184Pb185Pb186Pb187Pb188Pb189Pb190Pb191Pb192Pb193Pb194Pb195Pb196Pb197Pb198Pb199Pb200Pb201Pb202Pb203Pb204Pb205Pb206Pb207Pb208Pb209Pb210Pb211Pb212Pb213Pb
184Bi185Bi186Bi187Bi188Bi189Bi190Bi191Bi192Bi193Bi194Bi195Bi196Bi197Bi198Bi199Bi200Bi201Bi202Bi203Bi204Bi205Bi206Bi207Bi208Bi209Bi210Bi211Bi212Bi213Bi214Bi
187Po188Po189Po190Po191Po192Po193Po194Po195Po196Po197Po198Po199Po200Po201Po202Po203Po204Po205Po206Po207Po208Po209Po210Po211Po212Po213Po214Po215Po
191At192At193At194At195At196At197At198At199At200At201At202At203At204At205At206At207At208At209At210At211At212At213At214At215At216At
193Rn194Rn195Rn196Rn197Rn198Rn199Rn200Rn201Rn202Rn203Rn204Rn205Rn206Rn207Rn208Rn209Rn210Rn211Rn212Rn213Rn214Rn215Rn216Rn217Rn
199Fr200Fr201Fr202Fr203Fr204Fr205Fr206Fr207Fr208Fr209Fr210Fr211Fr212Fr213Fr214Fr215Fr216Fr217Fr218Fr
201Ra202Ra203Ra204Ra205Ra206Ra207Ra208Ra209Ra210Ra211Ra212Ra213Ra214Ra215Ra216Ra217Ra218Ra219Ra
205Ac206Ac207Ac208Ac209Ac210Ac211Ac212Ac213Ac214Ac215Ac216Ac217Ac218Ac219Ac220Ac
208Th209Th210Th211Th212Th213Th214Th215Th216Th217Th218Th219Th220Th221Th
212Pa213Pa214Pa215Pa216Pa217Pa218Pa219Pa220Pa221Pa222Pa
216U217U218U219U220U221U222U223U

 

Literatur und Hinweise

Eigenschaften der Gold-Isotope

[1] - NuDat: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, based on ENSDF and the Nuclear Wallet Cards.

[2] - G. Audi et. al.: The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nuclear Physics, (2003), DOI 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001.

[3] - Live Chart of Nuclides. Nuclear structure and decay data.

Gold: Kernmagnetische Eigenschaften - 197Au-NMR

[4] - N. J. Stone: Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2005), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2005.04.001.

[5] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2008), DOI 10.1080/00268970802018367.

[6] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2017 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2018), DOI 10.1080/00268976.2018.1426131.

[7] - N. J. Stone: Table of recommended nuclear magnetic dipole moments. IAEA, (2019).

Weitere Quellen:

[8] - Isotopenhäufigkeiten, Atommassen und Isotopenmassen: Siehe unter dem jeweiligen Stichwort.

[9] - A. Schuh, A. Fritsch, J.Q. Ginepro, M. Heim, A. Shore, M. Thoennessen:
Discovery of the gold isotopes.
In: Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2010), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2009.12.001.

 


Kategorie: Chemische Elemente

Letzte Änderung am 05.07.2020.


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