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Palladium-Isotope

Liste, Daten und Eigenschaften aller bekannten natürlichen und künstlichen Isotope des Palladiums sowie radioaktive Zerfallsprodukte bzw. Zwischenprodukte.



Palladium Isotope

Unter Palladium-Isotope werden alle Atomkerne des chemischen Elements Palladium zusammengefasst; diese bestehen allesamt aus einem Atomkern mit 46 Protonen und im ungeladenen Zustand aus 46 Elektronen. Der Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Palladium-Isotopen beruht auf der Anzahl der Neutronen im Kern.

 

Natürlich auftretende Palladium-Isotope

Das auf der Erde auftretende Palladium setzt sich aus insgesamt sechs stabilen Isotopen wie folgt zusammen:

Atommasse ArAnteilHalbwertszeitSpin
Palladium
Isotopengemisch
106,42 u100 %
Isotop 102Pd101,90560(2) u1,02(1) %stabil0+
Isotop 104Pd103,904031(9) u11,14(8) %stabil0+
Isotop 105Pd104,905080(8) u22,33(8) %stabil5/2+
Isotop 106Pd105,903480(8) u27,33(3) %stabil0+
Isotop 108Pd107,903892(8) u26,46(9) %stabil0+
Isotop 110Pd109,905172(5) u11,72(9) %stabil0+

 

Alle anderen bisher bekannten und charakterisierten Palladium-Nuklide sind instabil; mit einer Halbwertszeit von 6,5 Millionen Jahren ist das Palladiumisotop 107 hiervon das langlebigste Radioisotop.

 

Isotopentabelle: Palladium

Isotop
Nuklid
ZANNameAtommasse
[Kernmasse]
{Massenüberschuss}
Spin I
(h/2π)
μA-Nuk
123456789
90Pd469044Palladium-9089,95737(43) u
[89,9321366 u]
{-39,70959 MeV}
0+
91Pd469145Palladium-9190,95069(43) u
[90,9254566 u]
{-45,93197 MeV}
92Pd469246Palladium-9291,94141(32) u
[91,9161766 u]
{-54,57623 MeV}
0+
93Pd469347Palladium-9392,93666(32) u
[92,9114266 u]
{-59,00083 MeV}
(9/2+)
94Pd469448Palladium-9493,929036(5) u
[93,9038026 u]
{-66,10254 MeV}
0+94Ag
95Pd469549Palladium-9594,924889(3) u
[94,8996556 u]
{-69,96545 MeV}
(9/2+)
95mPd469549Palladium-95m94,924889(3) u
[94,8996556 u]
{-69,96545 MeV}
(21/2+)
96Pd469650Palladium-9695,918214(5) u
[95,8929806 u]
{-76,18317 MeV}
0+96Ag
97Pd469751Palladium-9796,916472(5) u
[96,8912386 u]
{-77,80583 MeV}
(5/2+)97Ag
98Cd
98Pd469852Palladium-9897,912698(5) u
[97,8874646 u]
{-81,32129 MeV}
0+98Ag
99Cd
99Pd469953Palladium-9998,911773(5) u
[98,8865396 u]
{-82,18292 MeV}
(5/2)+99Ag
100Pd4610054Palladium-10099,908520(19) u
[99,8832866 u]
{-85,21307 MeV}
0+100Ag
101Pd4610155Palladium-101100,908285(5) u
[100,8830516 u]
{-85,43197 MeV}
5/2+- 0,66(2)101Ag
102Pd4610256Palladium-102101,90560(2) u
[101,8803666 u]
{-87,93303 MeV}
0+102Ag
102Rh
103Pd4610357Palladium-103102,9061108(10) u
[102,8808774 u]
{-87,45723 MeV}
5/2+103Ag
104Pd4610458Palladium-104103,904031(9) u
[103,8787976 u]
{-89,39455 MeV}
0+104Ag
104Rh
105Pd4610559Palladium-105104,905080(8) u
[104,8798466 u]
{-88,41741 MeV}
5/2+- 0,642(3)105Ag
105Rh
106Pd4610660Palladium-106105,903480(8) u
[105,8782466 u]
{-89,9078 MeV}
0+106Ag
106Rh
107Pd4610761Palladium-107106,9051281(13) u
[106,8798947 u]
{-88,37261 MeV}
5/2+107Rh
107m1Pd4610761Palladium-107m1106,9051281(13) u
[106,8798947 u]
{-88,37261 MeV}
1/2+
107m2Pd4610761Palladium-107m2106,9051281(13) u
[106,8798947 u]
{-88,37261 MeV}
11/2-
108Pd4610862Palladium-108107,903892(8) u
[107,8786586 u]
{-89,52403 MeV}
0+108Ag
108Rh
109Pd4610963Palladium-109108,9059506(12) u
[108,8807172 u]
{-87,60645 MeV}
5/2+109Rh
109mPd4610963Palladium-109m108,9059506(12) u
[108,8807172 u]
{-87,60645 MeV}
1/2+
109m2Pd4610963Palladium-109m2108,9059506(12) u
[108,8807172 u]
{-87,60645 MeV}
11/2-
110Pd4611064Palladium-110109,905172(5) u
[109,8799386 u]
{-88,33171 MeV}
0+110Ag
110Rh
111Pd4611165Palladium-111110,9076903(8) u
[110,8824569 u]
{-85,98593 MeV}
5/2+111Rh
111mPd4611165Palladium-111m110,9076903(8) u
[110,8824569 u]
{-85,98593 MeV}
11/2-
112Pd4611266Palladium-112111,907330(7) u
[111,8820966 u]
{-86,32155 MeV}
0+112Rh
252Cf
113Pd4611367Palladium-113112,910261(7) u
[112,8850276 u]
{-83,59134 MeV}
(5/2+)113Rh
252Cf
113mPd4611367Palladium-113m112,910261(7) u
[112,8850276 u]
{-83,59134 MeV}
(9/2-)
114Pd4611468Palladium-114113,910369(7) u
[113,8851356 u]
{-83,49074 MeV}
0+114Rh
252Cf
115Pd4611569Palladium-115149,13659(15) u
[149,1113566 u]
{31798,02877 MeV}
(1/2)+115Rh
252Cf
115mPd4611569Palladium-115m149,13659(15) u
[149,1113566 u]
{31798,02877 MeV}
(7/2-)
116Pd4611670Palladium-116115,914297(8) u
[115,8890636 u]
{-79,83183 MeV}
0+116Rh
252Cf
117Pd4611771Palladium-117116,917955(8) u
[116,8927216 u]
{-76,42443 MeV}
(5/2+)117Rh
252Cf
117mPd4611771Palladium-117m116,917955(8) u
[116,8927216 u]
{-76,42443 MeV}
(11/2-)
118Pd4611872Palladium-118117,9190668(27) u
[117,8938334 u]
{-75,38879 MeV}
0+118Rh
252Cf
119Pd4611973Palladium-119118,923340(9) u
[118,8981066 u]
{-71,40833 MeV}
120Pd4612074Palladium-120119,9245513(25) u
[119,8993179 u]
{-70,28001 MeV}
0+
121Pd4612175Palladium-121120,928950(4) u
[120,9037166 u]
{-66,18265 MeV}
122Pd4612276Palladium-122121,930632(21) u
[121,9053986 u]
{-64,61588 MeV}
0+
123Pd4612377Palladium-123122,93513(85) u
[122,9098966 u]
{-60,42602 MeV}
124Pd4612478Palladium-124123,93732(32) u
[123,9120866 u]
{-58,38604 MeV}
0+
125Pd4612579Palladium-125124,94190(43) u
[124,9166666 u]
{-54,1198 MeV}
126Pd4612680Palladium-126125,94433(43) u
[125,9190966 u]
{-51,85627 MeV}
0+
126m1Pd4612680Palladium-126m1125,94433(43) u
[125,9190966 u]
{-51,85627 MeV}
(5-)
126m2Pd4612680Palladium-126m2125,94433(43) u
[125,9190966 u]
{-51,85627 MeV}
(7-)
126m3Pd4612680Palladium-126m3125,94433(43) u
[125,9190966 u]
{-51,85627 MeV}
(10+)
127Pd4612781Palladium-127126,94935(54) u
[126,9241166 u]
{-47,18017 MeV}
128Pd4612882Palladium-128127,95224(54) u
[127,9270066 u]
{-44,48815 MeV}
0+
128mPd4612882Palladium-128m127,95224(54) u
[127,9270066 u]
{-44,48815 MeV}
(8+)
129Pd4612983Palladium-129128,95962(64) u
[128,9343866 u]
{-37,61373 MeV}

 

 

IsotopZerfall (radioaktiver Zerfall)AEMehr
HalbwertszeitZerfallsartAnteilEnergieInfo
1101112131415
Pd-90760 nsEE/β+ zu 90Rh
EE, p zu 89Ru
?
?

Pd-91EE/β+ zu 91Rh100 %12,64(50) MeVAL
Pd-921,0 sEE/β+ zu 92Rh100 %8,42(30) MeVAL
Pd-931,00(9) sEE/β+ zu 93Rh
EE, p zu 92Ru
ca. 100 %
?
10,01(30) MeV
?
AL
Pd-949,0(5) sEE/β+ zu 94Rh100 %6,805(5) MeVAL
Pd-955(3) sEE/β+ zu 95Rh100 %8,375(5) MeVAL
Pd-95m13,3(3) sEE/β+ zu 95Rh
Iso zu 95Pd
β+, p zu 94Ru
89(3) %
11(3) %
0,93(15) %


1875,13(14) keV
Pd-96122(2) sEE/β+ zu 96Rh100 %3,504(11) MeVAL
Pd-973,10(9) MinutenEE/β+ zu 97Rh100 %4,79(4) MeVAL
Pd-9817,7(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 98Rh100 %1,854(13) MeVAL
Pd-9921,4(2) MinutenEE/β+ zu 99Rh100 %3,399(8) MeVAL
Pd-1003,63(9) TageEE zu 100Rh100 %0,378(25) MeVAL
Pd-1018,47(6) StundenEE/β+ zu 101Rh100 %1,980(7) MeVAL
Pd-102stabilAL
Pd-10316,991(19) TageEE zu 103Rh100 %0,5745(25) MeVAL
Pd-104stabilAL
Pd-105stabilAL
Pd-106stabilAL
Pd-1076,5(3) × 106 Jahreβ- zu 107Ag100 %0,0340(23) MeVAL
Pd-107m10,85(10) μs115,74(12) keV
Pd-107m221,3(5) sIso zu 107Pd100 %214,6(3) keV
Pd-108stabilAL
Pd-10913,59(12) Stundenβ- zu 109Ag100 %1,1129(14) MeVAL
Pd-109m113,400 keV
Pd-109m24,703(9) MinutenIso zu 109Pd100 %188,9903(10) keV
Pd-110stabilAL
Pd-11123,4(2) Minutenβ- zu 111Ag100 %2,2296(16) MeVAL
Pd-111m5,5(1) Stundenβ- zu 111Ag
Iso zu 111Pd
27(3) %
73(3) %

172,18(8) keV
Pd-11221,04(17) Stundenβ- zu 112Ag100 %0,262(7) MeVAL
Pd-11393(5) sβ- zu 113Ag100 %3,436(18) MeVAL
Pd-113m0,3(1) sIso zu 113Pd100 %81,1(3) keV
Pd-1142,42(6) Minutenβ- zu 114Ag100 %1,440(8) MeVAL
Pd-11525(2) sβ- zu 115Ag100 %4,556(22) MeVAL
Pd-115m50(3) sβ- zu 115Ag
Iso zu 115Pd
92,0(20) %
8,0(20) %

89,21(16) keV
Pd-11611,8(4) sβ- zu 116Ag100 %2,711(8) MeVAL
Pd-1174,3(3) sβ- zu 117Ag100 %5,758(15) MeVAL
Pd-117m19,1(7) msIso zu 117Pd100 %203,3(3) keV
Pd-1181,9(1) sβ- zu 118Ag100 %4,165(4) MeVAL
Pd-1190,92(1) sβ- zu 119Ag100 %7,238(17) MeVAL
Pd-120492(33) msβ- zu 120Ag
β-, n zu 119Ag
100 %
< 0,7 %
5,371(5) MeV
0,294(15) MeV
AL
Pd-121285(24) msβ- zu 121Ag
β-, n zu 120Ag
≥ 99,2 %
≤ 0,8 %
8,220(13) MeV
1,398(6) MeV
AL
Pd-122175(16) msβ- zu 122Ag
β-, n zu 121Ag
≥ 97,5 %
≤ 2,5 %
6,49(4) MeV
1,715(23) MeV
AL
Pd-123108(2) msβ- zu 123Ag
β-, n zu 122Ag
100 %
?
9,12(79) MeV
2,61(79) MeV
AL
Pd-12438 msβ- zu 124Ag
β-, n zu 123Ag
100 %
?
7,81(39) MeV
3,09(30) MeV
AL
Pd-12557(10) msβ- zu 125Ag
β-, n zu 124Ag
100 %
?
10,40(59) MeV
4,01(47) MeV
AL
Pd-12648,6(12) msβ- zu 126Ag
β-, n zu 125Ag
?
?
8,82(45) MeV
4,59(59) MeV
AL
Pd-126m10,33(4) μsIso zu 126Pd100 %2023,5(7) keV
Pd-126m20,44(3) μsIso zu 126Pd100 %2109,7(9) keV
Pd-126m323,0(9) msIso zu 126Pd
β- zu 126Ag
28(8) %
72(8) %

2406,4(10) keV
Pd-12738(2) msβ- zu 127Ag
β-, n zu 126Ag
β-, 2n zu 125Ag
100 %
?
?
11,26(54) MeV
5,43(54) MeV
AL
Pd-12835(3) msβ- zu 128Ag
β-, n zu 127Ag
100 %
?
10,13(58) MeV
5,88(54) MeV
AL
Pd-128m5,8(8) μsIso zu 128Pd100 %2151,0(10) keV
Pd-12931(7) msβ- zu 129Ag
β-, n zu 128Ag
β-, 2n zu 127Ag
100 %
?
?
14,37(72) MeV
8,94(67) MeV

 

Erläuterungen zu den einzelnen Spalten:

1 - Symbol mit Nukleonenzahl.
2 - Z = Anzahl der Protonen (Ordnungszahl).
3 - Massenzahl A.
4 - N = Anzahl der Neutronen.
5 - Bezeichnung des Palladium-Isotops; gegebenenfalls Trivialnamen.
6 - Relative Atommasse des Palladium-Isotops (Isotopenmasse inklusive Elektronen) und in eckigen Klammern die Masse des Atomkerns (Kernmasse, Nuklidmasse ohne Elektronen), jeweils bezogen auf 12C = 12,00000 [2]. Zusätzlich ist der Massenüberschuss (Massenexzess) in MeV angegeben.
7 - Kernspin I, Einheit: h/2π.
8 - Kernmagnetisches Moment μmag.
9 - Ausgangsnuklide: Mögliche, angenommene oder tatsächliche Ausgangs-Nuklide (Mutternuklide, Elternnuklide). Die entsprechenden Zerfalls-Modi sind gegebenenfalls bei den Daten des jeweiligen Ausgangsnuklids zu finden.
10 - Zerfall: Halbwertszeiten des Palladium-Isotops mit a = Jahre; ; d = Tage; h = Stunden; min = Minuten; s = Sekunden.
11 - Zerfall: Zerfallsart in die jeweiligen Tochternuklide mit n = Neutronenemission; p = Protonenemission; α = Alpha-Zerfall; ß- = Beta-Minus-Zerfall unter Elektronenemission; EE = Elektroneneinfang; ß+ = Positronenemission; ε = ß+ und/oder EE; Iso = Isomerieübergang; CZ = Cluster-Zerfall; SZ = Spontanzerfall.
12 - Zerfall: Zerfallsanteil in Prozent (%).
13 - Zerfall: Zerfallsenergie; Partikelenergie bezogen auf Zerfallsart.
14 - AE = Anregungsenergie für metastabile Kerne.
15 - Sonstige Informationen und Hinweise: AL = Weitere Niveaus, so genannte Adopted Levels (Verlinkung auf externe Daten [1]).

Sonstige:

()- Eingeklammerte Ziffern: Unsicherheit zur Darstellung der Streubreite des angegebenen Wertes.
~ - Theoretische Werte oder systematische Trends.
  - ungelistet-: Nuklide, die in der Literatur bereits erwänhnt wurden, aber aus irgendwelchen Gründen in den aktuellen Nuklidtabellen nicht mehr zu finden sind, weil sich deren Entdeckung z. B. nicht bestätigt hat.

 

NMR-aktive Palladium-Nuklide

Nuklid
Anteil
Spin I
Kernmagnetisches
Moment
μ/μN
Gyromagnetisches
Verhältnis
107 rad T-1 s-1
Quadrupol-
Moment
Q fm-2
Resonanz-
Frequenz
v0 bei 1 T
Relative
Empfindlichkeit
H0 = const.
v0 = const. *
105Pd
22,33(8) %
5/2+
- 0,642(3)- 1,2305+ 66,0(11)1,9570,00113
0,5364

*) bezogen auf 1H = 1,000

 

Strahlenschutz

Für den Umgang mit den Palladium-Radionukliden gelten gemäß Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV 2018) unter anderem folgende Werte (Spalten 1 bis 7):

NuklidFreigrenzenHRQ-SchwelleOFKTochternuklideHalbwertszeit
Pd-100+107 Bq100 Bq/g3,6 Tage
Pd-101106 Bq100 Bq/g8,5 Stunden
Pd-103+108 Bq1000 Bq/g90 TBq100 Bq cm-2Rh-10617,0 Tage
Pd-107108 Bq1000 Bq/gUnbegrenzt (UL)6500000 Jahre
Pd-109+106 Bq100 Bq/g20 TBq100 Bq cm-213,7 Stunden

(HRQ = Hochradioaktive Quellen; OFK = Oberflächenkontamination)

 

Kernisobare Nuklide des Palladiums

Zu den Palladium-Nukliden isobare Atomkerne befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; Z = Ordnungszahl; A = Nukleonenzahl (Massenzahl).

Z:333435363738394041424344454647484950515253545556575859606162
AAsSeBrKrRbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXeCsBaLaCePrNdPmSm
9191As91Se91Br91Kr91Rb91Sr91Y91Zr91Nb91Mo91Tc91Ru91Rh91Pd
9292As92Se92Br92Kr92Rb92Sr92Y92Zr92Nb92Mo92Tc92Ru92Rh92Pd
9393Se93Br93Kr93Rb93Sr93Y93Zr93Nb93Mo93Tc93Ru93Rh93Pd93Ag
9494Se94Br94Kr94Rb94Sr94Y94Zr94Nb94Mo94Tc94Ru94Rh94Pd94Ag
9595Br95Kr95Rb95Sr95Y95Zr95Nb95Mo95Tc95Ru95Rh95Pd95Ag95Cd
9696Br96Kr96Rb96Sr96Y96Zr96Nb96Mo96Tc96Ru96Rh96Pd96Ag96Cd
9797Br97Kr97Rb97Sr97Y97Zr97Nb97Mo97Tc97Ru97Rh97Pd97Ag97Cd97In
9898Br98Kr98Rb98Sr98Y98Zr98Nb98Mo98Tc98Ru98Rh98Pd98Ag98Cd98In
9999Kr99Rb99Sr99Y99Zr99Nb99Mo99Tc99Ru99Rh99Pd99Ag99Cd99In99Sn
100100Kr100Rb100Sr100Y100Zr100Nb100Mo100Tc100Ru100Rh100Pd100Ag100Cd100In100Sn
101101Kr101Rb101Sr101Y101Zr101Nb101Mo101Tc101Ru101Rh101Pd101Ag101Cd101In101Sn
102102Rb102Sr102Y102Zr102Nb102Mo102Tc102Ru102Rh102Pd102Ag102Cd102In102Sn
103103Sr103Y103Zr103Nb103Mo103Tc103Ru103Rh103Pd103Ag103Cd103In103Sn103Sb
104104Sr104Y104Zr104Nb104Mo104Tc104Ru104Rh104Pd104Ag104Cd104In104Sn104Sb
105105Sr105Y105Zr105Nb105Mo105Tc105Ru105Rh105Pd105Ag105Cd105In105Sn105Sb105Te
106106Sr106Y106Zr106Nb106Mo106Tc106Ru106Rh106Pd106Ag106Cd106In106Sn106Sb106Te
107107Sr107Y107Zr107Nb107Mo107Tc107Ru107Rh107Pd107Ag107Cd107In107Sn107Sb107Te
108108Y108Zr108Nb108Mo108Tc108Ru108Rh108Pd108Ag108Cd108In108Sn108Sb108Te108I
109109Y109Zr109Nb109Mo109Tc109Ru109Rh109Pd109Ag109Cd109In109Sn109Sb109Te109I109Xe
110110Zr110Nb110Mo110Tc110Ru110Rh110Pd110Ag110Cd110In110Sn110Sb110Te110I110Xe
111111Zr111Nb111Mo111Tc111Ru111Rh111Pd111Ag111Cd111In111Sn111Sb111Te111I111Xe
112112Zr112Nb112Mo112Tc112Ru112Rh112Pd112Ag112Cd112In112Sn112Sb112Te112I112Xe112Cs
113113Nb113Mo113Tc113Ru113Rh113Pd113Ag113Cd113In113Sn113Sb113Te113I113Xe113Cs
114114Nb114Mo114Tc114Ru114Rh114Pd114Ag114Cd114In114Sn114Sb114Te114I114Xe114Cs114Ba
115115Nb115Mo115Tc115Ru115Rh115Pd115Ag115Cd115In115Sn115Sb115Te115I115Xe115Cs115Ba
116116Mo116Tc116Ru116Rh116Pd116Ag116Cd116In116Sn116Sb116Te116I116Xe116Cs116Ba116La
117117Mo117Tc117Ru117Rh117Pd117Ag117Cd117In117Sn117Sb117Te117I117Xe117Cs117Ba117La
118118Tc118Ru118Rh118Pd118Ag118Cd118In118Sn118Sb118Te118I118Xe118Cs118Ba118La
119119Tc119Ru119Rh119Pd119Ag119Cd119In119Sn119Sb119Te119I119Xe119Cs119Ba119La119Ce
120120Tc120Ru120Rh120Pd120Ag120Cd120In120Sn120Sb120Te120I120Xe120Cs120Ba120La120Ce
121121Ru121Rh121Pd121Ag121Cd121In121Sn121Sb121Te121I121Xe121Cs121Ba121La121Ce121Pr
122122Ru122Rh122Pd122Ag122Cd122In122Sn122Sb122Te122I122Xe122Cs122Ba122La122Ce122Pr
123123Ru123Rh123Pd123Ag123Cd123In123Sn123Sb123Te123I123Xe123Cs123Ba123La123Ce123Pr
124124Ru124Rh124Pd124Ag124Cd124In124Sn124Sb124Te124I124Xe124Cs124Ba124La124Ce124Pr124Nd
125125Rh125Pd125Ag125Cd125In125Sn125Sb125Te125I125Xe125Cs125Ba125La125Ce125Pr125Nd
126126Rh126Pd126Ag126Cd126In126Sn126Sb126Te126I126Xe126Cs126Ba126La126Ce126Pr126Nd126Pm
127127Pd127Ag127Cd127In127Sn127Sb127Te127I127Xe127Cs127Ba127La127Ce127Pr127Nd127Pm
128128Pd128Ag128Cd128In128Sn128Sb128Te128I128Xe128Cs128Ba128La128Ce128Pr128Nd128Pm128Sm

 

Kernisotone Nuklide des Palladiums

Die zu den Palladium-Kernen isotonen Nuklide befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; N = Anzahl der Neutronen.


4546474849505152535455565758596061626364656667686970717273747576777879808182
71Fe72Fe
72Co73Co74Co75Co76Co
73Ni74Ni75Ni76Ni77Ni78Ni
74Cu75Cu76Cu77Cu78Cu79Cu80Cu81Cu82Cu
75Zn76Zn77Zn78Zn79Zn80Zn81Zn82Zn83Zn84Zn
76Ga77Ga78Ga79Ga80Ga81Ga82Ga83Ga84Ga85Ga86Ga87Ga
77Ge78Ge79Ge80Ge81Ge82Ge83Ge84Ge85Ge86Ge87Ge88Ge89Ge
78As79As80As81As82As83As84As85As86As87As88As89As90As91As92As
79Se80Se81Se82Se83Se84Se85Se86Se87Se88Se89Se90Se91Se92Se93Se94Se
80Br81Br82Br83Br84Br85Br86Br87Br88Br89Br90Br91Br92Br93Br94Br95Br96Br97Br98Br
81Kr82Kr83Kr84Kr85Kr86Kr87Kr88Kr89Kr90Kr91Kr92Kr93Kr94Kr95Kr96Kr97Kr98Kr99Kr100Kr101Kr
82Rb83Rb84Rb85Rb86Rb87Rb88Rb89Rb90Rb91Rb92Rb93Rb94Rb95Rb96Rb97Rb98Rb99Rb100Rb101Rb102Rb
83Sr84Sr85Sr86Sr87Sr88Sr89Sr90Sr91Sr92Sr93Sr94Sr95Sr96Sr97Sr98Sr99Sr100Sr101Sr102Sr103Sr104Sr105Sr106Sr107Sr
84Y85Y86Y87Y88Y89Y90Y91Y92Y93Y94Y95Y96Y97Y98Y99Y100Y101Y102Y103Y104Y105Y106Y107Y108Y109Y
85Zr86Zr87Zr88Zr89Zr90Zr91Zr92Zr93Zr94Zr95Zr96Zr97Zr98Zr99Zr100Zr101Zr102Zr103Zr104Zr105Zr106Zr107Zr108Zr109Zr110Zr111Zr112Zr
86Nb87Nb88Nb89Nb90Nb91Nb92Nb93Nb94Nb95Nb96Nb97Nb98Nb99Nb100Nb101Nb102Nb103Nb104Nb105Nb106Nb107Nb108Nb109Nb110Nb111Nb112Nb113Nb114Nb115Nb
87Mo88Mo89Mo90Mo91Mo92Mo93Mo94Mo95Mo96Mo97Mo98Mo99Mo100Mo101Mo102Mo103Mo104Mo105Mo106Mo107Mo108Mo109Mo110Mo111Mo112Mo113Mo114Mo115Mo116Mo117Mo
88Tc89Tc90Tc91Tc92Tc93Tc94Tc95Tc96Tc97Tc98Tc99Tc100Tc101Tc102Tc103Tc104Tc105Tc106Tc107Tc108Tc109Tc110Tc111Tc112Tc113Tc114Tc115Tc116Tc117Tc118Tc119Tc120Tc
89Ru90Ru91Ru92Ru93Ru94Ru95Ru96Ru97Ru98Ru99Ru100Ru101Ru102Ru103Ru104Ru105Ru106Ru107Ru108Ru109Ru110Ru111Ru112Ru113Ru114Ru115Ru116Ru117Ru118Ru119Ru120Ru121Ru122Ru123Ru124Ru
90Rh91Rh92Rh93Rh94Rh95Rh96Rh97Rh98Rh99Rh100Rh101Rh102Rh103Rh104Rh105Rh106Rh107Rh108Rh109Rh110Rh111Rh112Rh113Rh114Rh115Rh116Rh117Rh118Rh119Rh120Rh121Rh122Rh123Rh124Rh125Rh126Rh
91Pd92Pd93Pd94Pd95Pd96Pd97Pd98Pd99Pd100Pd101Pd102Pd103Pd104Pd105Pd106Pd107Pd108Pd109Pd110Pd111Pd112Pd113Pd114Pd115Pd116Pd117Pd118Pd119Pd120Pd121Pd122Pd123Pd124Pd125Pd126Pd127Pd128Pd
93Ag94Ag95Ag96Ag97Ag98Ag99Ag100Ag101Ag102Ag103Ag104Ag105Ag106Ag107Ag108Ag109Ag110Ag111Ag112Ag113Ag114Ag115Ag116Ag117Ag118Ag119Ag120Ag121Ag122Ag123Ag124Ag125Ag126Ag127Ag128Ag129Ag
95Cd96Cd97Cd98Cd99Cd100Cd101Cd102Cd103Cd104Cd105Cd106Cd107Cd108Cd109Cd110Cd111Cd112Cd113Cd114Cd115Cd116Cd117Cd118Cd119Cd120Cd121Cd122Cd123Cd124Cd125Cd126Cd127Cd128Cd129Cd130Cd
97In98In99In100In101In102In103In104In105In106In107In108In109In110In111In112In113In114In115In116In117In118In119In120In121In122In123In124In125In126In127In128In129In130In131In
99Sn100Sn101Sn102Sn103Sn104Sn105Sn106Sn107Sn108Sn109Sn110Sn111Sn112Sn113Sn114Sn115Sn116Sn117Sn118Sn119Sn120Sn121Sn122Sn123Sn124Sn125Sn126Sn127Sn128Sn129Sn130Sn131Sn132Sn
103Sb104Sb105Sb106Sb107Sb108Sb109Sb110Sb111Sb112Sb113Sb114Sb115Sb116Sb117Sb118Sb119Sb120Sb121Sb122Sb123Sb124Sb125Sb126Sb127Sb128Sb129Sb130Sb131Sb132Sb133Sb
105Te106Te107Te108Te109Te110Te111Te112Te113Te114Te115Te116Te117Te118Te119Te120Te121Te122Te123Te124Te125Te126Te127Te128Te129Te130Te131Te132Te133Te134Te
108I109I110I111I112I113I114I115I116I117I118I119I120I121I122I123I124I125I126I127I128I129I130I131I132I133I134I135I
109Xe110Xe111Xe112Xe113Xe114Xe115Xe116Xe117Xe118Xe119Xe120Xe121Xe122Xe123Xe124Xe125Xe126Xe127Xe128Xe129Xe130Xe131Xe132Xe133Xe134Xe135Xe136Xe
112Cs113Cs114Cs115Cs116Cs117Cs118Cs119Cs120Cs121Cs122Cs123Cs124Cs125Cs126Cs127Cs128Cs129Cs130Cs131Cs132Cs133Cs134Cs135Cs136Cs137Cs
114Ba115Ba116Ba117Ba118Ba119Ba120Ba121Ba122Ba123Ba124Ba125Ba126Ba127Ba128Ba129Ba130Ba131Ba132Ba133Ba134Ba135Ba136Ba137Ba138Ba
116La117La118La119La120La121La122La123La124La125La126La127La128La129La130La131La132La133La134La135La136La137La138La139La
119Ce120Ce121Ce122Ce123Ce124Ce125Ce126Ce127Ce128Ce129Ce130Ce131Ce132Ce133Ce134Ce135Ce136Ce137Ce138Ce139Ce140Ce
121Pr122Pr123Pr124Pr125Pr126Pr127Pr128Pr129Pr130Pr131Pr132Pr133Pr134Pr135Pr136Pr137Pr138Pr139Pr140Pr141Pr
124Nd125Nd126Nd127Nd128Nd129Nd130Nd131Nd132Nd133Nd134Nd135Nd136Nd137Nd138Nd139Nd140Nd141Nd142Nd
126Pm127Pm128Pm129Pm130Pm131Pm132Pm133Pm134Pm135Pm136Pm137Pm138Pm139Pm140Pm141Pm142Pm143Pm
128Sm129Sm130Sm131Sm132Sm133Sm134Sm135Sm136Sm137Sm138Sm139Sm140Sm141Sm142Sm143Sm144Sm
130Eu131Eu132Eu133Eu134Eu135Eu136Eu137Eu138Eu139Eu140Eu141Eu142Eu143Eu144Eu145Eu
134Gd135Gd136Gd137Gd138Gd139Gd140Gd141Gd142Gd143Gd144Gd145Gd146Gd
135Tb136Tb137Tb138Tb139Tb140Tb141Tb142Tb143Tb144Tb145Tb146Tb147Tb
138Dy139Dy140Dy141Dy142Dy143Dy144Dy145Dy146Dy147Dy148Dy
140Ho141Ho142Ho143Ho144Ho145Ho146Ho147Ho148Ho149Ho
143Er144Er145Er146Er147Er148Er149Er150Er
144Tm145Tm146Tm147Tm148Tm149Tm150Tm151Tm
148Yb149Yb150Yb151Yb152Yb
150Lu151Lu152Lu153Lu
153Hf154Hf
155Ta

 

Literatur und Hinweise

Eigenschaften der Palladium-Isotope

[1] - NuDat: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, based on ENSDF and the Nuclear Wallet Cards.

[2] - G. Audi et. al.: The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nuclear Physics, (2003), DOI 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001.

[3] - Live Chart of Nuclides. Nuclear structure and decay data.

Palladium: Kernmagnetische Eigenschaften - 105Pd-NMR

[4] - N. J. Stone: Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2005), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2005.04.001.

[5] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2008), DOI 10.1080/00268970802018367.

[6] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2017 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2018), DOI 10.1080/00268976.2018.1426131.

[7] - N. J. Stone: Table of recommended nuclear magnetic dipole moments. IAEA, (2019).

Weitere Quellen:

[8] - Isotopenhäufigkeiten, Atommassen und Isotopenmassen: Siehe unter dem jeweiligen Stichwort.

[9] - T. Fujii, F. Moynier, A. Agranier, E. Ponzevera, M. Abe:
Isotope fractionation of palladium in chemical exchange reaction.
In: Proceedings in Radiochemistry, (2011), DOI 10.1524/rcpr.2011.0060.

[10] - J. Kathawa, C. Fry, M. Thoennessen:
Discovery of palladium, antimony, tellurium, iodine, and xenon isotopes.
In: Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2013), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2012.01.004.

 


Kategorie: Chemische Elemente

Letzte Änderung am 05.07.2020.



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