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Thallium-Isotope

Liste, Daten und Eigenschaften aller bekannten natürlichen und künstlichen Isotope des Thalliums sowie radioaktive Zerfallsprodukte bzw. Zwischenprodukte.



Thallium Isotope

Unter Thallium-Isotope werden alle Atomkerne des chemischen Elements Thallium zusammengefasst; diese bestehen allesamt aus einem Atomkern mit 81 Protonen und im ungeladenen Zustand aus 81 Elektronen. Der Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Thallium-Isotopen beruht auf der Anzahl der Neutronen im Kern.

 

Natürlich auftretende Thallium-Isotope

Natürliche irdische Thallium-Vorkommen setzen sich im wesentlichen aus den beiden stabilen Isotopen Thallium-203 und Thallium-205 zusammen; daneben lassen sich geringste Spuren der Radioisotope Tl-206, Tl-207, Tl-208 und Tl-210 als kurzlebige Zwischenprodukte radioaktiver Zerfallsprozesse nachweisen.

Atommasse ArAnteilHalbwertszeitSpin
Thallium
Isotopengemisch
204,38 u100 %
Isotop 203Tl202,972345(9) u29,52(1) %stabil1/2+
Isotop 205Tl204,974428(9) u70,48(1) %stabil1/2+

 

Bisher wurden eine Vielzahl weiterer Thallium-Isotope sowie Kernisomere beschrieben, die alle instabil sind und unter Emission radioaktiver Strahlung zerfallen.

 

Isotopentabelle: Thallium

Isotop
Nuklid
ZANNameAtommasse
[Kernmasse]
{Massenüberschuss}
Spin I
(h/2π)
μA-Nuk
123456789
176Tl8117695Thallium-176176,00062(8) u
[175,95619 u]
{0,57753 MeV}
(3-,4-,5-)
177Tl8117796Thallium-177176,996414(23) u
[176,951984 u]
{-3,34034 MeV}
(1/2+)
177mTl8117796Thallium-177m176,996414(23) u
[176,951984 u]
{-3,34034 MeV}
(11/2-)
178Tl8117897Thallium-178177,99486(10) u
[177,95043 u]
{-4,78788 MeV}
179Tl8117998Thallium-179178,99112(4) u
[178,94669 u]
{-8,27167 MeV}
(1/2+)
179mTl8117998Thallium-179m178,99112(4) u
[178,94669 u]
{-8,27167 MeV}
(11/2-)
180Tl8118099Thallium-180179,98992(6) u
[179,94549 u]
{-9,38946 MeV}
(5-)184Bi
181Tl81181100Thallium-181180,98626(1) u
[180,94183 u]
{-12,79873 MeV}
(1/2+)185Bi
181mTl81181100Thallium-181m180,98626(1) u
[180,94183 u]
{-12,79873 MeV}
(9/2-)
182Tl81182101Thallium-182181,985692(13) u
[181,941262 u]
{-13,32782 MeV}
(7+)
183Tl81183102Thallium-183182,982193(10) u
[182,937763 u]
{-16,58711 MeV}
(1/2+)1,62(4)187Bi
183m1Tl81183102Thallium-183m1182,982193(10) u
[182,937763 u]
{-16,58711 MeV}
(9/2-)
183m2Tl81183102Thallium-183m2182,982193(10) u
[182,937763 u]
{-16,58711 MeV}
(13/2+)
184Tl81184103Thallium-184183,981875(11) u
[183,937445 u]
{-16,88333 MeV}
188Bi
185Tl81185104Thallium-185184,978789(22) u
[184,934359 u]
{-19,75792 MeV}
(1/2+)189Bi
185mTl81185104Thallium-185m184,978789(22) u
[184,934359 u]
{-19,75792 MeV}
(9/2-)
186Tl81186105Thallium-186185,978651(24) u
[185,934221 u]
{-19,88647 MeV}
(7+)0,497(9)
187Tl81187106Thallium-187186,975905(9) u
[186,931475 u]
{-22,44435 MeV}
(1/2+)1,55(6)191Bi
187Pb
187mTl81187106Thallium-187m186,975905(9) u
[186,931475 u]
{-22,44435 MeV}
(9/2-)+ 3,79(2)
188Tl81188107Thallium-188187,97602(3) u
[187,93159 u]
{-22,33723 MeV}
(2-)192Bi
188Pb
188m1Tl81188107Thallium-188m1187,97602(3) u
[187,93159 u]
{-22,33723 MeV}
(7+)+ 0,483(8)
188m2Tl81188107Thallium-188m2187,97602(3) u
[187,93159 u]
{-22,33723 MeV}
9-
189Tl81189108Thallium-189188,973574(9) u
[188,929144 u]
{-24,61566 MeV}
(1/2+)193Bi
189mTl81189108Thallium-189m188,973574(9) u
[188,929144 u]
{-24,61566 MeV}
(9/2-)+ 3,878(6)
190Tl81190109Thallium-190189,973836(9) u
[189,929406 u]
{-24,37161 MeV}
2(-)+ 0,254(2)194Bi
190Pb
190m1Tl81190109Thallium-190m1189,973836(9) u
[189,929406 u]
{-24,37161 MeV}
7(+)+ 0,487(8)
190m2Tl81190109Thallium-190m2189,973836(9) u
[189,929406 u]
{-24,37161 MeV}
(8-)
191Tl81191110Thallium-191190,971784(8) u
[190,927354 u]
{-26,28303 MeV}
(1/2+)195Bi
191Pb
191mTl81191110Thallium-191m190,971784(8) u
[190,927354 u]
{-26,28303 MeV}
9/2(-)
192Tl81192111Thallium-192191,97222(3) u
[191,92779 u]
{-25,8769 MeV}
(2-)+ 0,200(3)196Bi
192Pb
192m1Tl81192111Thallium-192m1191,97222(3) u
[191,92779 u]
{-25,8769 MeV}
(7+)+ 0,5180(36)
192m2Tl81192111Thallium-192m2191,97222(3) u
[191,92779 u]
{-25,8769 MeV}
(8-)+1,66(4)
193Tl81193112Thallium-193192,970502(7) u
[192,926072 u]
{-27,47721 MeV}
1/2(+)+ 1,5912(22)197Bi
193Pb
193mTl81193112Thallium-193m192,970502(7) u
[192,926072 u]
{-27,47721 MeV}
(9/2-)+ 3,948(4)
194Tl81194113Thallium-194193,971081(15) u
[193,926651 u]
{-26,93787 MeV}
2-0,140(3)194Pb
194mTl81194113Thallium-194m193,971081(15) u
[193,926651 u]
{-26,93787 MeV}
(7+)0,530(8)
195Tl81195114Thallium-195194,969774(12) u
[194,925344 u]
{-28,15534 MeV}
1/2++ 1,58(4)199Bi
195Pb
195mTl81195114Thallium-195m194,969774(12) u
[194,925344 u]
{-28,15534 MeV}
9/2-3,869(39)
196Tl81196115Thallium-196195,970481(13) u
[195,926051 u]
{-27,49677 MeV}
2-196Pb
196mTl81196115Thallium-196m195,970481(13) u
[195,926051 u]
{-27,49677 MeV}
(7+)
197Tl81197116Thallium-197196,969574(18) u
[196,925144 u]
{-28,34164 MeV}
1/2+197Pb
201Bi
197mTl81197116Thallium-197m196,969574(18) u
[196,925144 u]
{-28,34164 MeV}
9/2-
198Tl81198117Thallium-198197,970447(8) u
[197,926017 u]
{-27,52844 MeV}
2-0,00(1)198Pb
198m1Tl81198117Thallium-198m1197,970447(8) u
[197,926017 u]
{-27,52844 MeV}
7+0,641(10)
198m2Tl81198117Thallium-198m2197,970447(8) u
[197,926017 u]
{-27,52844 MeV}
(5,7,9)+
198m3Tl81198117Thallium-198m3197,970447(8) u
[197,926017 u]
{-27,52844 MeV}
(10-)
199Tl81199118Thallium-199198,96988(3) u
[198,92545 u]
{-28,0566 MeV}
1/2++ 160(2)199Pb
199mTl81199118Thallium-199m198,96988(3) u
[198,92545 u]
{-28,0566 MeV}
9/2-
200Tl81200119Thallium-200199,970964(6) u
[199,926534 u]
{-27,04686 MeV}
2-0,04(1)200Pb
200m1Tl81200119Thallium-200m1199,970964(6) u
[199,926534 u]
{-27,04686 MeV}
7+
200m2Tl81200119Thallium-200m2199,970964(6) u
[199,926534 u]
{-27,04686 MeV}
5+
201Tl81201120Thallium-201200,970820(15) u
[200,92639 u]
{-27,18099 MeV}
1/2++ 1,605(2)201Pb
201mTl81201120Thallium-201m200,970820(15) u
[200,92639 u]
{-27,18099 MeV}
(9/2-)
202Tl81202121Thallium-202201,9721091(17) u
[201,9276791 u]
{-25,98021 MeV}
2-202Pb
202mTl81202121Thallium-202m201,9721091(17) u
[201,9276791 u]
{-25,98021 MeV}
7++ 0,90(4)
203Tl81203122Thallium-203202,972345(9) u
[202,927915 u]
{-25,76047 MeV}
1/2++ 1,62225787(12)203Pb
203Hg
204Tl81204123Thallium-204203,9738633(12) u
[203,9294333 u]
{-24,34618 MeV}
2-0,09(1)
204m1Tl81204123Thallium-204m1203,9738633(12) u
[203,9294333 u]
{-24,34618 MeV}
(7)++1,187(6)
205Tl81205124Thallium-205204,974428(9) u
[204,929998 u]
{-23,82016 MeV}
1/2++ 1,6382146205Pb
205Hg
209Bi
205m1Tl81205124Thallium-205m1204,974428(9) u
[204,929998 u]
{-23,82016 MeV}
25/2+
205m2Tl81205124Thallium-205m2204,974428(9) u
[204,929998 u]
{-23,82016 MeV}
(35/2-)
206Tl81206125Thallium-206205,9761100(14) u
[205,93168 u]
{-22,25339 MeV}
0-206Hg
210Bi
206mTl81206125Thallium-206m205,9761100(14) u
[205,93168 u]
{-22,25339 MeV}
(12-)
207Tl81207126Thallium-207206,977419(6) u
[206,932989 u]
{-21,03407 MeV}
1/2++ 1,876(5)207Hg
211Bi
207mTl81207126Thallium-207m206,977419(6) u
[206,932989 u]
{-21,03407 MeV}
11/2-
208Tl81208127Thallium-208207,9820180(20) u
[207,937588 u]
{-16,75013 MeV}
5+0,292(13)208Hg
212Bi
209Tl81209128Thallium-209208,985352(7) u
[208,940922 u]
{-13,64452 MeV}
1/2+213Bi
210Tl81210129Thallium-210209,990073(12) u
[209,945643 u]
{-9,24694 MeV}
(5+)214Bi
211Tl81211130Thallium-211210,993470(4) u
[210,94904 u]
{-6,08266 MeV}
212Tl81212131Thallium-212211,99833(21) u
[211,9539 u]
{-1,55559 MeV}
(5+)
213Tl81213132Thallium-213213,001915(29) u
[212,957485 u]
{1,78381 MeV}
214Tl81214133Thallium-214214,00694(21) u
[213,96251 u]
{6,46457 MeV}
215Tl81215134Thallium-215215,01064(32) u
[214,96621 u]
{9,9111 MeV}
216Tl81216135Thallium-216216,01580(32) u
[215,97137 u]
{14,71761 MeV}
217Tl81217136Thallium-217217,01966(43) u
[216,97523 u]
{18,31317 MeV}

 

 

IsotopZerfall (radioaktiver Zerfall)AEMehr
HalbwertszeitZerfallsartAnteilEnergieInfo
1101112131415
Tl-176ca. 5,2 msp zu 175Hg~100 %AL
Tl-17718(5) msα zu 173Au
p zu 176Hg
73(13) %
27(13) %
7,067(7) MeV
9,45 MeV
AL
Tl-177m230(40) μsp zu 176Hg
α zu 173Au
51(8) %
49(8) %

807(23) keV
Tl-178ca. 254 msα zu 174Au
EE/β+ zu 178Hg
ca. 53 %
ca. 47 %
7,02(1) MeV
11,53(9) MeV
AL
Tl-1790,23(4) sα zu 175Au
EE/β+ zu 179Hg
p zu 178Hg
< 100 %
?
?
6,711(3) MeV
8,66(5) MeV
AL
Tl-179m1,5(3) msα zu 175Au
p zu 178Hg
EE/β+ zu 180Hg
Iso zu 179Tl
< 100 %
?
?
?



+x keV
Tl-1801,09(1) sα zu 176Au
EE/β+ zu 180Hg
EE, SF zu div
6(4) %
94(4) %
0,0032(2) %
6,71(5) MeV
10,86(6) MeV
AL
Tl-1813,2(3) sα zu 177Au≤ 10 %6,321(6) MeVAL
Tl-181m1,40(3) msIso zu 181Tl
α zu 177Au
99,60(4) %
0,40(6) %

835,9(5) keV
Tl-1823,1(10) sα zu 178Au
EE/β+ zu 182Hg
?
97,5(25) %
6,551(6) MeV
10,249(15) MeV
AL
Tl-1836,9(7) sα zu 179Au
EE/β+ zu 183Hg
?
> 0 %
5,976(9) MeV
7,217(12) MeV
AL
Tl-183m153,3(3) msα zu 179Au
EE/β+ zu 183Hg
Iso zu 183Tl
1,5(3) %
?
?


628,7 keV
Tl-183m21,48(19) μsIso zu 183TTl100 %975,01(23) keV
Tl-18410,1(5) sα zu 180Au
EE/β+ zu 184Hg
2,1(7) %
97,9(7) %
6,317(9) MeV
9,466(14) MeV
AL
Tl-18519,5(5) sEE/β+ zu 185Hg?6,426(25) MeVAL
Tl-185m1,93(8) sα zu 181Au
Iso zu 185Tl
?
?

454,8(15) keV
Tl-18627,5(10) sEE/β+ zu 186Hg
α zu 182Au
ca. 100 %
0,006 %
8,652(25) MeV
5,99(3) MeV
AL
Tl-187ca. 51 sEE/β+ zu 187Hg
α zu 183Au
ca. 100 %
0,03 %
5,673(16) MeV
5,322(7) MeV
AL
Tl-187m15,60(12) sEE/β+ zu 187Hg
α zu 183Au
Iso zu 187Tl
0,15(5) %
?
< 99,9 %


334(4) keV
Tl-18871(2) sEE/β+ zu 188Hg100 %7,87(3) MeVAL
Tl-188m171,5(15) sEE/β+ zu 188Hg100 %35(31) keV
Tl-188m241(4) msIso zu 188Tl100 %303,8(2) keV
Tl-1892,3(2) MinutenEE/β+ zu 189Hg100 %5,01(3) MeVAL
Tl-189m1,4(1) MinutenEE/β+ zu 189Hg
Iso zu 189Tl
98(2) %
2 % ?

281(7) keV
Tl-1902,6(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 190Hg100 %6,999(18) MeV+x keVAL
Tl-190m13,7(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 190Hg100 %+y keV
Tl-190m20,75(4) msIso zu 190Tl100 %161,9+y keV
Tl-191AL
Tl-191m5,22(16) MinutenEE zu 191Hg100 %+x keV
Tl-1929,6(4) MinutenEE/β+ zu 192Hg100 %6,14(4) MeVAL
Tl-192m110,8(2) MinutenEE/β+ zu 192Hg100 %138(45) keV
Tl-192m2296(5) nsIso zu 192Tl100 %388(45) keV
Tl-19321,6(8) MinutenEE/β+ zu 193Hg100 %3,585(17) MeVAL
Tl-193m2,11(15) MinutenEE/β+ zu 193Hg
Iso zu 193Tl
≥ 25 %
≤ 75 %

365,2+x keV
Tl-19433,0(5) MinutenEE/β+ zu 194Hg
α zu 190Au
> 99 %
Spuren
5,246(14) MeV
3,471(14) MeV
AL
Tl-194m32,8(2) MinutenEE/β+ zu 194Hg100 %+x keV
Tl-1951,16(5) StundenEE/β+ zu 195Hg100 %2,858(26) MeVAL
Tl-195m3,6(4) sIso zu 195Tl100 %482,63(17) keV
Tl-1961,84(3) StundenEE/β+ zu 196Hg100 %4,329(12) MeVAL
Tl-196m1,41(2) StundenEE/β+ zu 196Hg
Iso zu 196Tl
96,2(4) %
3,8(4) %

394,2(5) keV
Tl-1972,84(4) StundenEE/β+ zu 197Hg100 %2,199(17) MeVAL
Tl-197m0,54(1) sIso zu 197Tl100 %608,22(8) keV
Tl-1985,3(5) StundenEE/β+ zu 198Hg100 %3,426(8) MeVAL
Tl-198m11,87(3) StundenEE/β+ zu 198Hg
Iso zu 198Tl
55,9(23) %
44,1(23) %

543,6(4) keV
Tl-198m2150(40) ns686,8(5) keV
Tl-198m332,1(10) msIso zu 198Tl100 %742,4(4) keV
Tl-1997,42(8) StundenEE/β+ zu 199Hg100 %1,487(28) MeVAL
Tl-199m28,4(2) msIso zu 199Tl100 %748,87(6) keV
Tl-20026,1(1) StundenEE/β+ zu 200Hg100 %2,456(6) MeVAL
Tl-200m134,0(9) msIso zu 200Tl100 %753,60(24) keV
Tl-200m20,33(5) μs762,00(24) keV
Tl-2013,0421(17) TageEE zu 201Hg100 %0,482(14) MeVAL
Tl-201m2,01(7) msIso zu 201Tl100 %919,16(21) keV
Tl-20212,31(8) TageEE/β+ zu 202Hg100 %1,3651(18) MeVAL
Tl-202m591(3) μsIso zu 202Tl100 %950,19(10) keV
Tl-203stabilAL
Tl-2043,783(12) JahreEE/β+ zu 204Hg
β- zu 204Pb
2,92(7) %
97,08(7) %
0,3440(12) MeV
0,76375(18) MeV
AL
Tl-204m161,7(10) μsIso zu 204Tl100 %1103,9(3) keV
Tl-205stabilAL
Tl-205m12,6(2) μs3290,60(17) keV
Tl-205m2235(10) ns4835,6(15) keV
Tl-2064,202(11) Minutenβ- zu 206Pb100 %1,5322(6) MeVAL
Tl-206m3,74(3) MinutenIso zu 206Tl100 %2643,10(18) keV
Tl-2074,77(3) Minutenβ- zu 207Pb100 %1,418(5) MeVAL
Tl-207m1,33(11) sIso zu 207Tl100 %1348,18(16) keV
Tl-2083,053(4) Minutenβ- zu 208Pb100 %4,9985(17) MeVAL
Tl-2092,167(7) Minutenβ- zu 209Pb100 %3,970(6) MeVAL
Tl-2101,30(3) Minutenβ- zu 210Pb
β-, n zu 209Pb
99,993 %
0,007 %
5,482(12) MeV
0,296(12) MeV
AL
Tl-21188 sβ- zu 211Pb
β-, n zu 210Pb

?
4,41(4) MeV
0,58(4) MeV
AL
Tl-212ca. 96 sβ- zu 212Pb
β-, n zu 211Pb

6,0(2) MeV
0,87(20) MeV
AL
Tl-213ca. 46 sβ- zu 213Pb
β-, n zu 212Pb

?
4,987(28) MeV
1,261(27) MeV
AL
Tl-214> 300 nsβ- zu 214Pb
β-, n zu 213Pb
?
P
6,65(20) MeV
1,6(2) MeV
AL
Tl-215> 300 nsβ- zu 215Pb
β-, n zu 214Pb
?
?
5,57(30) MeV
2,02(30) MeV
AL
Tl-216> 300 nsβ- zu 216Pb
β-, n zu 215Pb
?
?
7,24(36) MeV
2,3(3) MeV
AL
Tl-217> 300 nsβ- zu 217Pb
β-, n zu 216Pb

?
6,07(50) MeV
2,76(45) MeV
AL

 

Erläuterungen zu den einzelnen Spalten:

1 - Symbol mit Nukleonenzahl.
2 - Z = Anzahl der Protonen (Ordnungszahl).
3 - Massenzahl A.
4 - N = Anzahl der Neutronen.
5 - Bezeichnung des Thallium-Isotops; gegebenenfalls Trivialnamen.
6 - Relative Atommasse des Thallium-Isotops (Isotopenmasse inklusive Elektronen) und in eckigen Klammern die Masse des Atomkerns (Kernmasse, Nuklidmasse ohne Elektronen), jeweils bezogen auf 12C = 12,00000 [2]. Zusätzlich ist der Massenüberschuss (Massenexzess) in MeV angegeben.
7 - Kernspin I, Einheit: h/2π.
8 - Kernmagnetisches Moment μmag.
9 - Ausgangsnuklide: Mögliche, angenommene oder tatsächliche Ausgangs-Nuklide (Mutternuklide, Elternnuklide). Die entsprechenden Zerfalls-Modi sind gegebenenfalls bei den Daten des jeweiligen Ausgangsnuklids zu finden.
10 - Zerfall: Halbwertszeiten des Thallium-Isotops mit a = Jahre; ; d = Tage; h = Stunden; min = Minuten; s = Sekunden.
11 - Zerfall: Zerfallsart in die jeweiligen Tochternuklide mit n = Neutronenemission; p = Protonenemission; α = Alpha-Zerfall; ß- = Beta-Minus-Zerfall unter Elektronenemission; EE = Elektroneneinfang; ß+ = Positronenemission; ε = ß+ und/oder EE; Iso = Isomerieübergang; CZ = Cluster-Zerfall; SZ = Spontanzerfall.
12 - Zerfall: Zerfallsanteil in Prozent (%).
13 - Zerfall: Zerfallsenergie; Partikelenergie bezogen auf Zerfallsart.
14 - AE = Anregungsenergie für metastabile Kerne.
15 - Sonstige Informationen und Hinweise: AL = Weitere Niveaus, so genannte Adopted Levels (Verlinkung auf externe Daten [1]).

Sonstige:

()- Eingeklammerte Ziffern: Unsicherheit zur Darstellung der Streubreite des angegebenen Wertes.
~ - Theoretische Werte oder systematische Trends.
  - ungelistet-: Nuklide, die in der Literatur bereits erwänhnt wurden, aber aus irgendwelchen Gründen in den aktuellen Nuklidtabellen nicht mehr zu finden sind, weil sich deren Entdeckung z. B. nicht bestätigt hat.

 

NMR-aktive Thallium-Nuklide

Nuklid
Anteil
Spin I
Kernmagnetisches
Moment
μ/μN
Gyromagnetisches
Verhältnis
107 rad T-1 s-1
Quadrupol-
Moment
Q fm-2
Resonanz-
Frequenz
v0 bei 1 T
Relative
Empfindlichkeit
H0 = const.
v0 = const. *
203Tl
29,52(1) %
1/2+
+ 1,62225787(12)15,539424,73160,19598
0,5809
205Tl
70,48(1) %
1/2+
+ 1,638214615,692224,97490,20182
0,5866

*) bezogen auf 1H = 1,000

 

Strahlenschutz

Für den Umgang mit den Thallium-Radionukliden gelten gemäß Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV 2018) unter anderem folgende Werte (Spalten 1 bis 7):

NuklidFreigrenzenHRQ-SchwelleOFKTochternuklideHalbwertszeit
Tl-194106 Bq10 Bq/g33,0 Minuten
Tl-194m106 Bq10 Bq/g32,8 Minuten
Tl-195106 Bq10 Bq/g1,2 Stunden
Tl-197106 Bq100 Bq/g2,8 Stunden
Tl-198106 Bq10 Bq/g5,3 Stunden
Tl-198m106 Bq10 Bq/g1,9 Stunden
Tl-199106 Bq100 Bq/g7,4 Stunden
Tl-200106 Bq10 Bq/g0,05 TBq1 Bq cm-226,1 Stunden
Tl-201106 Bq100 Bq/g1 TBq10 Bq cm-273,0 Stunden
Tl-202106 Bq10 Bq/g0,2 TBq10 Bq cm-212,2 Tage
Tl-204104 Bq1 Bq/g20 TBq100 Bq cm-23,8 Jahre

(HRQ = Hochradioaktive Quellen; OFK = Oberflächenkontamination)

 

Kernisobare Nuklide des Thalliums

Zu den Thallium-Nukliden isobare Atomkerne befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; Z = Ordnungszahl; A = Nukleonenzahl (Massenzahl).

Z:68697071727374757677787980818283848586878889909192
AErTmYbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRnFrRaAcThPaU
176176Er176Tm176Yb176Lu176Hf176Ta176W176Re176Os176Ir176Pt176Au176Hg176Tl
177177Er177Tm177Yb177Lu177Hf177Ta177W177Re177Os177Ir177Pt177Au177Hg177Tl
178178Tm178Yb178Lu178Hf178Ta178W178Re178Os178Ir178Pt178Au178Hg178Tl178Pb
179179Tm179Yb179Lu179Hf179Ta179W179Re179Os179Ir179Pt179Au179Hg179Tl179Pb
180180Yb180Lu180Hf180Ta180W180Re180Os180Ir180Pt180Au180Hg180Tl180Pb
181181Yb181Lu181Hf181Ta181W181Re181Os181Ir181Pt181Au181Hg181Tl181Pb
182182Lu182Hf182Ta182W182Re182Os182Ir182Pt182Au182Hg182Tl182Pb
183183Lu183Hf183Ta183W183Re183Os183Ir183Pt183Au183Hg183Tl183Pb
184184Lu184Hf184Ta184W184Re184Os184Ir184Pt184Au184Hg184Tl184Pb184Bi184Fl
185185Hf185Ta185W185Re185Os185Ir185Pt185Au185Hg185Tl185Pb185Bi
186186Hf186Ta186W186Re186Os186Ir186Pt186Au186Hg186Tl186Pb186Bi
187187Hf187Ta187W187Re187Os187Ir187Pt187Au187Hg187Tl187Pb187Bi187Po
188188Hf188Ta188W188Re188Os188Ir188Pt188Au188Hg188Tl188Pb188Bi188Po
189189Hf189Ta189W189Re189Os189Ir189Pt189Au189Hg189Tl189Pb189Bi189Po
190190Ta190W190Re190Os190Ir190Pt190Au190Hg190Tl190Pb190Bi190Po
191191Ta191W191Re191Os191Ir191Pt191Au191Hg191Tl191Pb191Bi191Po191At
192192Ta192W192Re192Os192Ir192Pt192Au192Hg192Tl192Pb192Bi192Po192At
193193W193Re193Os193Ir193Pt193Au193Hg193Tl193Pb193Bi193Po193At193Rn
194194W194Re194Os194Ir194Pt194Au194Hg194Tl194Pb194Bi194Po194At194Rn
195195Re195Os195Ir195Pt195Au195Hg195Tl195Pb195Bi195Po195At195Rn
196196Os196Ir196Pt196Au196Hg196Tl196Pb196Bi196Po196At196Rn
197197Os197Ir197Pt197Au197Hg197Tl197Pb197Bi197Po197At197Rn
198198Os198Ir198Pt198Au198Hg198Tl198Pb198Bi198Po198At198Rn
199199Os199Ir199Pt199Au199Hg199Tl199Pb199Bi199Po199At199Rn199Fr
200200Os200Ir200Pt200Au200Hg200Tl200Pb200Bi200Po200At200Rn200Fr
201201Ir201Pt201Au201Hg201Tl201Pb201Bi201Po201At201Rn201Fr201Ra
202202Ir202Pt202Au202Hg202Tl202Pb202Bi202Po202At202Rn202Fr202Ra
203203Pt203Au203Hg203Tl203Pb203Bi203Po203At203Rn203Fr203Ra
204204Pt204Au204Hg204Tl204Pb204Bi204Po204At204Rn204Fr204Ra
205205Pt205Au205Hg205Tl205Pb205Bi205Po205At205Rn205Fr205Ra
206206Au206Hg206Tl206Pb206Bi206Po206At206Rn206Fr206Ra206Ac
207207Au207Hg207Tl207Pb207Bi207Po207At207Rn207Fr207Ra207Ac
208208Au208Hg208Tl208Pb208Bi208Po208At208Rn208Fr208Ra208Ac208Th
209209Au209Hg209Tl209Pb209Bi209Po209At209Rn209Fr209Ra209Ac209Th
210210Au210Hg210Tl210Pb210Bi210Po210At210Rn210Fr210Ra210Ac210Th
211211Hg211Tl211Pb211Bi211Po211At211Rn211Fr211Ra211Ac211Th
212212Hg212Tl212Pb212Bi212Po212At212Rn212Fr212Ra212Ac212Th212Pa
213213Hg213Tl213Pb213Bi213Po213At213Rn213Fr213Ra213Ac213Th213Pa
214214Hg214Tl214Pb214Bi214Po214At214Rn214Fr214Ra214Ac214Th214Pa
215215Hg215Tl215Pb215Bi215Po215At215Rn215Fr215Ra215Ac215Th215Pa
216216Hg216Tl216Pb216Bi216Po216At216Rn216Fr216Ra216Ac216Th216Pa
217217Tl217Pb217Bi217Po217At217Rn217Fr217Ra217Ac217Th217Pa217U

 

Kernisotone Nuklide des Thalliums

Die zu den Thallium-Kernen isotonen Nuklide befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; N = Anzahl der Neutronen.


9596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136
150Cs151Cs
151Ba152Ba153Ba
152La153La154La155La
153Ce154Ce155Ce156Ce157Ce
154Pr155Pr156Pr157Pr158Pr159Pr
155Nd156Nd157Nd158Nd159Nd160Nd161Nd
156Pm157Pm158Pm159Pm160Pm161Pm162Pm163Pm
157Sm158Sm159Sm160Sm161Sm162Sm163Sm164Sm165Sm
158Eu159Eu160Eu161Eu162Eu163Eu164Eu165Eu166Eu167Eu168Eu
159Gd160Gd161Gd162Gd163Gd164Gd165Gd166Gd167Gd168Gd169Gd
160Tb161Tb162Tb163Tb164Tb165Tb166Tb167Tb168Tb169Tb170Tb171Tb
161Dy162Dy163Dy164Dy165Dy166Dy167Dy168Dy169Dy170Dy171Dy172Dy173Dy
162Ho163Ho164Ho165Ho166Ho167Ho168Ho169Ho170Ho171Ho172Ho173Ho174Ho175Ho
163Er164Er165Er166Er167Er168Er169Er170Er171Er172Er173Er174Er175Er176Er177Er
164Tm165Tm166Tm167Tm168Tm169Tm170Tm171Tm172Tm173Tm174Tm175Tm176Tm177Tm178Tm179Tm
165Yb166Yb167Yb168Yb169Yb170Yb171Yb172Yb173Yb174Yb175Yb176Yb177Yb178Yb179Yb180Yb181Yb
166Lu167Lu168Lu169Lu170Lu171Lu172Lu173Lu174Lu175Lu176Lu177Lu178Lu179Lu180Lu181Lu182Lu183Lu184Lu
167Hf168Hf169Hf170Hf171Hf172Hf173Hf174Hf175Hf176Hf177Hf178Hf179Hf180Hf181Hf182Hf183Hf184Hf185Hf186Hf187Hf188Hf189Hf
168Ta169Ta170Ta171Ta172Ta173Ta174Ta175Ta176Ta177Ta178Ta179Ta180Ta181Ta182Ta183Ta184Ta185Ta186Ta187Ta188Ta189Ta190Ta191Ta192Ta
169W170W171W172W173W174W175W176W177W178W179W180W181W182W183W184W185W186W187W188W189W190W191W192W193W194W
170Re171Re172Re173Re174Re175Re176Re177Re178Re179Re180Re181Re182Re183Re184Re185Re186Re187Re188Re189Re190Re191Re192Re193Re194Re195Re
171Os172Os173Os174Os175Os176Os177Os178Os179Os180Os181Os182Os183Os184Os185Os186Os187Os188Os189Os190Os191Os192Os193Os194Os195Os196Os197Os198Os199Os200Os
172Ir173Ir174Ir175Ir176Ir177Ir178Ir179Ir180Ir181Ir182Ir183Ir184Ir185Ir186Ir187Ir188Ir189Ir190Ir191Ir192Ir193Ir194Ir195Ir196Ir197Ir198Ir199Ir200Ir201Ir202Ir
173Pt174Pt175Pt176Pt177Pt178Pt179Pt180Pt181Pt182Pt183Pt184Pt185Pt186Pt187Pt188Pt189Pt190Pt191Pt192Pt193Pt194Pt195Pt196Pt197Pt198Pt199Pt200Pt201Pt202Pt203Pt204Pt205Pt
174Au175Au176Au177Au178Au179Au180Au181Au182Au183Au184Au185Au186Au187Au188Au189Au190Au191Au192Au193Au194Au195Au196Au197Au198Au199Au200Au201Au202Au203Au204Au205Au206Au207Au208Au209Au210Au
175Hg176Hg177Hg178Hg179Hg180Hg181Hg182Hg183Hg184Hg185Hg186Hg187Hg188Hg189Hg190Hg191Hg192Hg193Hg194Hg195Hg196Hg197Hg198Hg199Hg200Hg201Hg202Hg203Hg204Hg205Hg206Hg207Hg208Hg209Hg210Hg211Hg212Hg213Hg214Hg215Hg216Hg
176Tl177Tl178Tl179Tl180Tl181Tl182Tl183Tl184Tl185Tl186Tl187Tl188Tl189Tl190Tl191Tl192Tl193Tl194Tl195Tl196Tl197Tl198Tl199Tl200Tl201Tl202Tl203Tl204Tl205Tl206Tl207Tl208Tl209Tl210Tl211Tl212Tl213Tl214Tl215Tl216Tl217Tl
178Pb179Pb180Pb181Pb182Pb183Pb184Pb185Pb186Pb187Pb188Pb189Pb190Pb191Pb192Pb193Pb194Pb195Pb196Pb197Pb198Pb199Pb200Pb201Pb202Pb203Pb204Pb205Pb206Pb207Pb208Pb209Pb210Pb211Pb212Pb213Pb214Pb215Pb216Pb217Pb218Pb
184Bi185Bi186Bi187Bi188Bi189Bi190Bi191Bi192Bi193Bi194Bi195Bi196Bi197Bi198Bi199Bi200Bi201Bi202Bi203Bi204Bi205Bi206Bi207Bi208Bi209Bi210Bi211Bi212Bi213Bi214Bi215Bi216Bi217Bi218Bi219Bi
187Po188Po189Po190Po191Po192Po193Po194Po195Po196Po197Po198Po199Po200Po201Po202Po203Po204Po205Po206Po207Po208Po209Po210Po211Po212Po213Po214Po215Po216Po217Po218Po219Po220Po
191At192At193At194At195At196At197At198At199At200At201At202At203At204At205At206At207At208At209At210At211At212At213At214At215At216At217At218At219At220At221At
193Rn194Rn195Rn196Rn197Rn198Rn199Rn200Rn201Rn202Rn203Rn204Rn205Rn206Rn207Rn208Rn209Rn210Rn211Rn212Rn213Rn214Rn215Rn216Rn217Rn218Rn219Rn220Rn221Rn222Rn
199Fr200Fr201Fr202Fr203Fr204Fr205Fr206Fr207Fr208Fr209Fr210Fr211Fr212Fr213Fr214Fr215Fr216Fr217Fr218Fr219Fr220Fr221Fr222Fr223Fr
201Ra202Ra203Ra204Ra205Ra206Ra207Ra208Ra209Ra210Ra211Ra212Ra213Ra214Ra215Ra216Ra217Ra218Ra219Ra220Ra221Ra222Ra223Ra224Ra
205Ac206Ac207Ac208Ac209Ac210Ac211Ac212Ac213Ac214Ac215Ac216Ac217Ac218Ac219Ac220Ac221Ac222Ac223Ac224Ac225Ac
208Th209Th210Th211Th212Th213Th214Th215Th216Th217Th218Th219Th220Th221Th222Th223Th224Th225Th226Th
212Pa213Pa214Pa215Pa216Pa217Pa218Pa219Pa220Pa221Pa222Pa223Pa224Pa225Pa226Pa227Pa
216U217U218U219U220U221U222U223U224U225U226U227U228U
219Np225Np226Np227Np228Np229Np
228Pu229Pu230Pu
223Am229Am230Am231Am
232Cm
233Bk

 

Literatur und Hinweise

Eigenschaften der Thallium-Isotope

[1] - NuDat: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, based on ENSDF and the Nuclear Wallet Cards.

[2] - G. Audi et. al.: The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nuclear Physics, (2003), DOI 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001.

[3] - Live Chart of Nuclides. Nuclear structure and decay data.

Thallium: Kernmagnetische Eigenschaften - 203Tl-NMR, 205Tl-NMR

[4] - N. J. Stone: Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2005), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2005.04.001.

[5] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2008), DOI 10.1080/00268970802018367.

[6] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2017 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2018), DOI 10.1080/00268976.2018.1426131.

[7] - N. J. Stone: Table of recommended nuclear magnetic dipole moments. IAEA, (2019).

Weitere Quellen:

[8] - Isotopenhäufigkeiten, Atommassen und Isotopenmassen: Siehe unter dem jeweiligen Stichwort.

[9] - Sune G. Nielsen, Mark Rehkämper, Joel Baker, Alex N. Halliday:
The precise and accurate determination of thallium isotope compositions and concentrations for water samples by MC-ICPMS.
In: Chemical Geology, (2004), DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.11.006.

[10] - Sune Groenlund Nielsen:
Thallium isotope variations in terrestrial materials and meteorites.
In: Dissertation, ETH Zürich, (2005), DOI 10.3929/ethz-a-005026208.

[11] - Sune G. Nielsen et al.:
Thallium isotopes as a potential tracer for the origin of cratonic eclogites.
In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, (2009), DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2009.09.001.

[12] - Sune G. Nielsen, Mark Rehkämper:
Thallium Isotopes and Their Application to Problems in Earth and Environmental Science.
In: Advances in Isotope Geochemistry, (2011), DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-10637-8_13.

[13] - C. Fry, M. Thoennessen:
Discovery of the thallium, lead, bismuth, and polonium isotopes.
In: Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2013), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2012.01.005.

 


Kategorie: Chemische Elemente

Letzte Änderung am 05.07.2020.



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