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Rhenium-Isotope

Liste, Daten und Eigenschaften aller bekannten natürlichen und künstlichen Isotope des Rheniums sowie radioaktive Zerfallsprodukte bzw. Zwischenprodukte.



Rhenium Isotope

Unter Rhenium-Isotope werden alle Atomkerne des chemischen Elements Rhenium zusammengefasst; diese bestehen allesamt aus einem Atomkern mit 75 Protonen und im ungeladenen Zustand aus 75 Elektronen. Der Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Rhenium-Isotopen beruht auf der Anzahl der Neutronen im Kern.

 

Natürlich auftretende Rhenium-Isotope

Natürliche irdische Rhenium-Vorkommen bestehen aus den beiden Isotopen Rhenium-185 (stabil) und Rhenium-187 (instabil) und setzen sich wie folgt zusammen:

Atommasse ArAnteilHalbwertszeitSpin
Rhenium
Isotopengemisch
186,207 u100 %
Isotop 185Re184,952955(8) u37,40(5) %stabil5/2+
Isotop 187Re186,95575(1) u62,60(5) %4,33(7) × 1010 Jahre5/2+

 

Alle anderen bisher bekannten und charakterisierten Rhenium-Nuklide sind instabil.

Der radioaktive Zerfall des Radionuklids Rhenium-187 zum Osmium-Isotop 187Os bildet die Grundlage für die radiometrische Rhenium-Osmium-Datierung, die insbesondere in der Geologie Anwendung findet.

 

Isotopentabelle: Rhenium

Isotop
Nuklid
ZANNameAtommasse
[Kernmasse]
{Massenüberschuss}
Spin I
(h/2π)
μA-Nuk
123456789
150Re7515984Rhenium-159158,98417(33) u
[158,9430307 u]
{-14,74555 MeV}
(1/2+)
160Re7516085Rhenium-160159,98203(32) u
[159,9408907 u]
{-16,73895 MeV}
(2-)
161Re7516186Rhenium-161160,97763(16) u
[160,9364907 u]
{-20,83752 MeV}
1/2+165Ir
161mRe7516186Rhenium-161m160,97763(16) u
[160,9364907 u]
{-20,83752 MeV}
11/2-
162Re7516287Rhenium-162161,97584(21) u
[161,9347007 u]
{-22,5049 MeV}
(2-)166Ir
162mRe7516287Rhenium-162m161,97584(21) u
[161,9347007 u]
{-22,5049 MeV}
(9+)
163Re7516388Rhenium-163162,972085(20) u
[162,9309457 u]
{-26,00266 MeV}
1/2+167Ir
163mRe7516388Rhenium-163m162,972085(20) u
[162,9309457 u]
{-26,00266 MeV}
11/2-
164Re7516489Rhenium-164163,97051(6) u
[163,9293707 u]
{-27,46976 MeV}
168Ir
165Re7516590Rhenium-165164,967085(25) u
[164,9259457 u]
{-30,66013 MeV}
(1/2+)169Ir
165Os
165mRe7516590Rhenium-165m164,967085(25) u
[164,9259457 u]
{-30,66013 MeV}
(11/2-)
166Re7516691Rhenium-166165,96576(8) u
[165,9246207 u]
{-31,89435 MeV}
170Ir
167Re7516792Rhenium-167166,96261(4) u
[166,9214707 u]
{-34,82856 MeV}
(9/2-)171Ir
167Os
167mRe7516792Rhenium-167m166,96261(4) u
[166,9214707 u]
{-34,82856 MeV}
168Re7516893Rhenium-168167,96157(3) u
[167,9204307 u]
{-35,79731 MeV}
(7+)172Ir
169Re7516994Rhenium-169168,958766(12) u
[168,9176267 u]
{-38,40922 MeV}
(9/2-)173Ir
169mRe7516994Rhenium-169m168,958766(12) u
[168,9176267 u]
{-38,40922 MeV}
(5/2+,3/2+)
170Re7517095Rhenium-170169,958225(25) u
[169,9170857 u]
{-38,91316 MeV}
(5+)174Ir
170Os
171Re7517196Rhenium-171170,95572(3) u
[170,9145807 u]
{-41,24655 MeV}
(9/2-)175Ir
171Os
172Re7517297Rhenium-172171,95541(4) u
[171,9142707 u]
{-41,53532 MeV}
(5+)176Ir
172Os
172mRe7517297Rhenium-172m171,95541(4) u
[171,9142707 u]
{-41,53532 MeV}
(2)
173Re7517398Rhenium-173172,95324(3) u
[172,9121007 u]
{-43,55666 MeV}
(5/2-)177Ir
173Os
174Re7517499Rhenium-174173,95311(3) u
[173,9119707 u]
{-43,67775 MeV}
174Os
175Re75175100Rhenium-175174,95138(3) u
[174,9102407 u]
{-45,28924 MeV}
(5/2-)175Os
176Re75176101Rhenium-176175,95162(3) u
[175,9104807 u]
{-45,06568 MeV}
(3+)176Os
177Re75177102Rhenium-177176,95033(3) u
[176,9091907 u]
{-46,26731 MeV}
5/2-177Os
178Re75178103Rhenium-178177,95099(3) u
[177,9098507 u]
{-45,65252 MeV}
(3+)178Os
179Re75179104Rhenium-179178,949990(26) u
[178,9088507 u]
{-46,58401 MeV}
5/2+2,8(4)179Os
179mRe75179104Rhenium-179m178,949990(26) u
[178,9088507 u]
{-46,58401 MeV}
(47/2,49/2+)
180Re75180105Rhenium-180179,950792(23) u
[179,9096527 u]
{-45,83696 MeV}
(1)-1,6(2)180Os
181Re75181106Rhenium-181180,950062(13) u
[180,9089227 u]
{-46,51695 MeV}
5/2+3,19(7)181Os
182Re75182107Rhenium-182181,95121(11) u
[181,9100707 u]
{-45,44759 MeV}
7+2,84(6)182Os
182mRe75182107Rhenium-182m181,95121(11) u
[181,9100707 u]
{-45,44759 MeV}
2+3,26(10)
183Re75183108Rhenium-183182,950821(9) u
[182,9096817 u]
{-45,80994 MeV}
5/2++3,160(13)183Os
183mRe75183108Rhenium-183m182,950821(9) u
[182,9096817 u]
{-45,80994 MeV}
(25/2)+
184Re75184109Rhenium-184183,952528(5) u
[183,9113887 u]
{-44,21988 MeV}
3(-)+ 2,53(5)
184mRe75184109Rhenium-184m183,952528(5) u
[183,9113887 u]
{-44,21988 MeV}
8(+)
185Re75185110Rhenium-185184,952955(8) u
[184,9118157 u]
{-43,82214 MeV}
5/2++ 3,1871(3)185Os
185W
186Re75186111Rhenium-186185,9549894(9) u
[185,9138501 u]
{-41,9271 MeV}
1-+ 1,739(3)
186mRe75186111Rhenium-186m185,9549894(9) u
[185,9138501 u]
{-41,9271 MeV}
(8+)
187Re75187112Rhenium-187186,95575(1) u
[186,9146107 u]
{-41,21861 MeV}
5/2++ 3,2197(3)187W
188Re75188113Rhenium-188187,9581137(8) u
[187,9169744 u]
{-39,01684 MeV}
1-+ 1,788(5)188W
188mRe75188113Rhenium-188m187,9581137(8) u
[187,9169744 u]
{-39,01684 MeV}
(6)-
189Re75189114Rhenium-189188,959228(9) u
[188,9180887 u]
{-37,97887 MeV}
5/2+189W
190Re75190115Rhenium-190189,96174(8) u
[189,9206007 u]
{-35,63896 MeV}
(2)-190W
190mRe75190115Rhenium-190m189,96174(8) u
[189,9206007 u]
{-35,63896 MeV}
(6-)
191Re75191116Rhenium-191190,963123(11) u
[190,9219837 u]
{-34,3507 MeV}
(3/2+,1/2+)
192Re75192117Rhenium-192191,96609(8) u
[191,9249507 u]
{-31,58696 MeV}
192m1Re75192117Rhenium-192m1191,96609(8) u
[191,9249507 u]
{-31,58696 MeV}
192m2Re75192117Rhenium-192m2191,96609(8) u
[191,9249507 u]
{-31,58696 MeV}
193Re75193118Rhenium-193192,96754(4) u
[192,9264007 u]
{-30,2363 MeV}
(5/2+)
194Re75194119Rhenium-194193,97076(21) u
[193,9296207 u]
{-27,23688 MeV}
195Re75195120Rhenium-195194,97254(32) u
[194,9314007 u]
{-25,57883 MeV}
(3/2-)
196Re75196121Rhenium-196195,97580(32) u
[195,9346607 u]
{-22,54215 MeV}
197Re75197122Rhenium-197196,97799(32) u
[196,9368507 u]
{-20,50218 MeV}
198Re75198123Rhenium-198197,98160(43) u
[197,9404607 u]
{-17,13949 MeV}
199Re75199124Rhenium-199198,98405(43) u
[198,9429107 u]
{-14,85733 MeV}

 

 

IsotopZerfall (radioaktiver Zerfall)AEMehr
HalbwertszeitZerfallsartAnteilEnergieInfo
1101112131415
Re-159AL
Re-1600,82 msα zu 156Ta
p zu 159W
9(5) %
91(5) %
6,698(4) MeV
AL
Re-1610,44(1) msα zu 157Ta
p zu 160W
≤ 1,4 %
≥ 98,6 %
6,328(7) MeV
AL
Re-161m14,7(3) msα zu 157Ta
p zu 160W
93,0(3) %
7,0(3) %

123,8(13) keV
Re-162107(13) msα zu 158Ta
EE/β+ zu 162W
94(6) %
6(6) %
6,240(5) MeV
11,50(20) MeV
AL
Re-162m77(9) msα zu 158Ta
EE/β+ zu 162W
91(5) %
9(5) %
6,240 MeV
11,649 MeV
173(13) keV
Re-163390(72) msα zu 159Ta
EE/β+ zu 163W
32(3) %
68(3) %
6,012(8) MeV
8,91(6) MeV
AL
Re-163m214(5) msα zu 159Ta
EE/β+ zu 163W
66(4) %
34(4) %

115(4) keV
Re-1640,70(16) sα zu 160Ta
EE/β+ zu 164W
ca. 58 %
ca. 42 %
5,926(5) MeV
10,76(6) MeV
AL
Re-1651,6(6) sα zu 161Ta
EE/β+ zu 165W
14(8) %
86(8) %
5,694(6) MeV
8,20(3) MeV
AL
Re-165m1,74(6) sα zu 161Ta
EE/β+ zu 165W
13(1) %
87(1) %

48(26) keV
Re-1662,25(21) sα zu 162Ta
EE/β+ zu 166W
< 24 %
> 76 %
5,46(5) MeV
9,99(7) MeV
AL
Re-1675,9(3) sα zu 163Ta
EE/β+ zu 167W
ca. 1 %
ca. 99 %
5,279(14) MeV
7,27(4) MeV
AL
Re-167m3,4(4) sα zu 163Taca. 100 %+x keV
Re-1684,4(1) sα zu 164Ta
EE/β+ zu 168W
ca. 0,005 %
ca. 99,995 %
5,063(13) MeV
9,10(3) MeV
AL
Re-1698,1(5) sα zu 165Ta
EE/β+ zu 169W
< 0,01 %
> 99,9 %
5,014(14) MeV
6,509(19) MeV
AL
Re-169m15,1(15) sα zu 165Ta
EE/β+ zu 169W
Iso zu 169Re
ca. 0,2 %
?
?


+x keV
Re-1709,2(2) sEE/β+ zu 170W~100 %8,378(27) MeVAL
Re-17115,2(4) sEE/β+ zu 171W100 %5,84(4) MeVAL
Re-17215(3) sEE/β+ zu 172W100 %7,56(5) MeVAL
Re-172m55(5) sEE/β+ zu 172W100 %+x keV
Re-1731,98(26) MinutenEE/β+ zu 173W100 %5,17(4) MeVAL
Re-1742,40(4) MinutenEE/β+ zu 174W100 %6,55(4) MeVAL
Re-1755,89(5) MinutenEE/β+ zu 175W100 %4,34(4) MeVAL
Re-1765,3(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 176W100 %5,58(4) MeVAL
Re-17714(1) MinutenEE/β+ zu 177W100 %3,43(4) MeVAL
Re-17813,2(2) MinutenEE/β+ zu 178W100 %4,75(3) MeVAL
Re-17919,5(1) MinutenEE/β+ zu 179W100 %2,711(29) MeVAL
Re-179m0,466(15) msIso zu 179Re100 %5408,0(5) keV
Re-1802,46(3) MinutenEE/β+ zu 180W100 %3,799(21) MeVAL
Re-18119,9(7) StundenEE/β+ zu 181W100 %1,716(13) MeVAL
Re-18264,2(5) StundenEE/β+ zu 182W100 %2,80(1) MeVAL
Re-182m14,14(45) StundenEE/β+ zu 182W100 %
Re-18370,0(14) TageEE zu 183W100 %0,556(8) MeVAL
Re-183m1,04(4) msIso zu 183Re100 %1907,21(15) keV
Re-18435,4(7) TageEE/β+ zu 184W100 %1,486(4) MeVAL
Re-184m169(8) TageEE zu 184W
Iso zu 184Re
25,5(8) %
74,5(8) %

188,0463(17) keV
Re-185stabilAL
Re-1863,7183(11) TageEE zu 186W
β- zu 186Os
7,47(10) %
92,53(10) %
0,5814(15) MeV
1,0729(8) MeV
AL
Re-186m200000 JahreIso zu 186W100 %149(7) keV
Re-1874,33(7) × 1010 Jahreβ- zu 187Os
α zu 183Ta
> 99,999 %
< 0,0001 %
2,467(2) MeV
1,6514(15) MeV
AL
Re-18817,005(3) Stundenβ- zu 188Os100 %2,12042(15) MeVAL
Re-188m18,59(4) MinutenIso zu 188Re100 %172,069(9) min
Re-18924,3(4) Stundenβ- zu 189Os100 %1,008(8) MeVAL
Re-1903,1(3) Minutenβ- zu 190Os100 %3,07(7) MeVAL
Re-190m3,2(2) Stundenβ- zu 190Os
Iso zu 190Re
54,4(20) %
45,6(20) %

210(50) keV
Re-1919,8(5) Minutenβ- zu 191Os100 %2,045(10) MeVAL
Re-19216(1) sβ- zu 192Os100 %4,29(7) MeVAL
Re-192m185(10) μsIso zu 192Re100 %160,1+x keV
Re-192m261 sIso zu 192Re100 %267(10) keV
Re-193AL
Re-1945(1) sβ- zu 194Os100 %5,2(2) MeVAL
Re-1956(1) sβ- zu 195Os100 %3,93(30) MeVAL
Re-1963 sβ- zu 196Os100 %5,73(30) MeV
Re-197160 nsβ- zu 197Os?4,81(36) MeV
Re-198160 nsβ- zu 198Os
β-, n zu 197Os
?
?
6,70(45) MeV
0,10(45) MeV
Re-199160 nsβ- zu 199Os
β-, n zu 198Os
?
?
5,62(45) MeV
0,90(45) MeV

 

Erläuterungen zu den einzelnen Spalten:

1 - Symbol mit Nukleonenzahl.
2 - Z = Anzahl der Protonen (Ordnungszahl).
3 - Massenzahl A.
4 - N = Anzahl der Neutronen.
5 - Bezeichnung des Rhenium-Isotops; gegebenenfalls Trivialnamen.
6 - Relative Atommasse des Rhenium-Isotops (Isotopenmasse inklusive Elektronen) und in eckigen Klammern die Masse des Atomkerns (Kernmasse, Nuklidmasse ohne Elektronen), jeweils bezogen auf 12C = 12,00000 [2]. Zusätzlich ist der Massenüberschuss (Massenexzess) in MeV angegeben.
7 - Kernspin I, Einheit: h/2π.
8 - Kernmagnetisches Moment μmag.
9 - Ausgangsnuklide: Mögliche, angenommene oder tatsächliche Ausgangs-Nuklide (Mutternuklide, Elternnuklide). Die entsprechenden Zerfalls-Modi sind gegebenenfalls bei den Daten des jeweiligen Ausgangsnuklids zu finden.
10 - Zerfall: Halbwertszeiten des Rhenium-Isotops mit a = Jahre; ; d = Tage; h = Stunden; min = Minuten; s = Sekunden.
11 - Zerfall: Zerfallsart in die jeweiligen Tochternuklide mit n = Neutronenemission; p = Protonenemission; α = Alpha-Zerfall; ß- = Beta-Minus-Zerfall unter Elektronenemission; EE = Elektroneneinfang; ß+ = Positronenemission; ε = ß+ und/oder EE; Iso = Isomerieübergang; CZ = Cluster-Zerfall; SZ = Spontanzerfall.
12 - Zerfall: Zerfallsanteil in Prozent (%).
13 - Zerfall: Zerfallsenergie; Partikelenergie bezogen auf Zerfallsart.
14 - AE = Anregungsenergie für metastabile Kerne.
15 - Sonstige Informationen und Hinweise: AL = Weitere Niveaus, so genannte Adopted Levels (Verlinkung auf externe Daten [1]).

Sonstige:

()- Eingeklammerte Ziffern: Unsicherheit zur Darstellung der Streubreite des angegebenen Wertes.
~ - Theoretische Werte oder systematische Trends.
  - ungelistet-: Nuklide, die in der Literatur bereits erwänhnt wurden, aber aus irgendwelchen Gründen in den aktuellen Nuklidtabellen nicht mehr zu finden sind, weil sich deren Entdeckung z. B. nicht bestätigt hat.

 

NMR-aktive Rhenium-Nuklide

Nuklid
Anteil
Spin I
Kernmagnetisches
Moment
μ/μN
Gyromagnetisches
Verhältnis
107 rad T-1 s-1
Quadrupol-
Moment
Q fm-2
Resonanz-
Frequenz
v0 bei 1 T
Relative
Empfindlichkeit
H0 = const.
v0 = const. *
185Re
37,40(5) %
5/2+
+ 3,1871(3)6,1057+ 218,0(20)9,71760,13870
2,6628
187Re
62,60(5) %
5/2+
+ 3,2197(3)6,1682+ 207,0(20)9,81700,14300
2,6900

*) bezogen auf 1H = 1,000

 

Strahlenschutz

Für den Umgang mit den Rhenium-Radionukliden gelten gemäß Strahlenschutzverordnung (StrlSchV 2018) unter anderem folgende Werte (Spalten 1 bis 7):

NuklidFreigrenzenHRQ-SchwelleOFKTochternuklideHalbwertszeit
Re-177106 Bq10 Bq/g14,0 Minuten
Re-178106 Bq10 Bq/g13,2 Minuten
Re-181106 Bq10 Bq/g19,9 Stunden
Re-182106 Bq10 Bq/g64,0 Stunden
Re-184106 Bq1 Bq/g0,08 TBq37,9 Tage
Re-184m106 Bq0,1 Bq/g168,0 Tage
Re-186106 Bq1000 Bq/g4 TBq100 Bq cm-290,0 Stunden
Re-186m+107 Bq1 Bq/g190000 Jahre
Re-187109 Bq1000 Bq/gUnbegrenzt (UL)4,4 × 1010 Jahre
Re-188105 Bq100 Bq/g1 TBq10 Bq cm-217,0 Stunden
Re-188m107 Bq100 Bq/g18,6 Minuten
Re-189+106 Bq100 Bq/g24,3 Stunden

(HRQ = Hochradioaktive Quellen; OFK = Oberflächenkontamination)

 

Kernisobare Nuklide des Rheniums

Zu den Rhenium-Nukliden isobare Atomkerne befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; Z = Ordnungszahl; A = Nukleonenzahl (Massenzahl).

Z:59606162636465666768697071727374757677787980818283848586
APrNdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn
159159Pr159Nd159Pm159Sm159Eu159Gd159Tb159Dy159Ho159Er159Tm159Yb159Lu159Hf159Ta159W159Re
160160Nd160Pm160Sm160Eu160Gd160Tb160Dy160Ho160Er160Tm160Yb160Lu160Hf160Ta160W160Re
161161Nd161Pm161Sm161Eu161Gd161Tb161Dy161Ho161Er161Tm161Yb161Lu161Hf161Ta161W161Re161Os
162162Pm162Sm162Eu162Gd162Tb162Dy162Ho162Er162Tm162Yb162Lu162Hf162Ta162W162Re162Os
163163Pm163Sm163Eu163Gd163Tb163Dy163Ho163Er163Tm163Yb163Lu163Hf163Ta163W163Re163Os
164164Sm164Eu164Gd164Tb164Dy164Ho164Er164Tm164Yb164Lu164Hf164Ta164W164Re164Os164Ir
165165Sm165Eu165Gd165Tb165Dy165Ho165Er165Tm165Yb165Lu165Hf165Ta165W165Re165Os165Ir
166166Eu166Gd166Tb166Dy166Ho166Er166Tm166Yb166Lu166Hf166Ta166W166Re166Os166Ir166Pt
167167Gd167Tb167Dy167Ho167Er167Tm167Yb167Lu167Hf167Ta167W167Re167Os167Ir167Pt
168168Gd168Tb168Dy168Ho168Er168Tm168Yb168Lu168Hf168Ta168W168Re168Os168Ir168Pt
169169Gd169Tb169Dy169Ho169Er169Tm169Yb169Lu169Hf169Ta169W169Re169Os169Ir169Pt
170170Tb170Dy170Ho170Er170Tm170Yb170Lu170Hf170Ta170W170Re170Os170Ir170Pt170Au
171171Tb171Dy171Ho171Er171Tm171Yb171Lu171Hf171Ta171W171Re171Os171Ir171Pt171Au171Hg
172172Dy172Ho172Er172Tm172Yb172Lu172Hf172Ta172W172Re172Os172Ir172Pt172Au172Hg
173173Dy173Ho173Er173Tm173Yb173Lu173Hf173Ta173W173Re173Os173Ir173Pt173Au173Hg
174174Ho174Er174Tm174Yb174Lu174Hf174Ta174W174Re174Os174Ir174Pt174Au174Hg
175175Ho175Er175Tm175Yb175Lu175Hf175Ta175W175Re175Os175Ir175Pt175Au175Hg
176176Er176Tm176Yb176Lu176Hf176Ta176W176Re176Os176Ir176Pt176Au176Hg176Tl
177177Er177Tm177Yb177Lu177Hf177Ta177W177Re177Os177Ir177Pt177Au177Hg177Tl
178178Tm178Yb178Lu178Hf178Ta178W178Re178Os178Ir178Pt178Au178Hg178Tl178Pb
179179Tm179Yb179Lu179Hf179Ta179W179Re179Os179Ir179Pt179Au179Hg179Tl179Pb
180180Yb180Lu180Hf180Ta180W180Re180Os180Ir180Pt180Au180Hg180Tl180Pb
181181Yb181Lu181Hf181Ta181W181Re181Os181Ir181Pt181Au181Hg181Tl181Pb
182182Lu182Hf182Ta182W182Re182Os182Ir182Pt182Au182Hg182Tl182Pb
183183Lu183Hf183Ta183W183Re183Os183Ir183Pt183Au183Hg183Tl183Pb
184184Lu184Hf184Ta184W184Re184Os184Ir184Pt184Au184Hg184Tl184Pb184Bi184Fl
185185Hf185Ta185W185Re185Os185Ir185Pt185Au185Hg185Tl185Pb185Bi
186186Hf186Ta186W186Re186Os186Ir186Pt186Au186Hg186Tl186Pb186Bi
187187Hf187Ta187W187Re187Os187Ir187Pt187Au187Hg187Tl187Pb187Bi187Po
188188Hf188Ta188W188Re188Os188Ir188Pt188Au188Hg188Tl188Pb188Bi188Po
189189Hf189Ta189W189Re189Os189Ir189Pt189Au189Hg189Tl189Pb189Bi189Po
190190Ta190W190Re190Os190Ir190Pt190Au190Hg190Tl190Pb190Bi190Po
191191Ta191W191Re191Os191Ir191Pt191Au191Hg191Tl191Pb191Bi191Po191At
192192Ta192W192Re192Os192Ir192Pt192Au192Hg192Tl192Pb192Bi192Po192At
193193W193Re193Os193Ir193Pt193Au193Hg193Tl193Pb193Bi193Po193At193Rn
194194W194Re194Os194Ir194Pt194Au194Hg194Tl194Pb194Bi194Po194At194Rn
195195Re195Os195Ir195Pt195Au195Hg195Tl195Pb195Bi195Po195At195Rn

 

Kernisotone Nuklide des Rheniums

Die zu den Rhenium-Kernen isotonen Nuklide befinden sich in der jeweiligen Tabellenzeile; N = Anzahl der Neutronen.


84858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120
132Cd133Cd
133In134In135In
134Sn135Sn136Sn137Sn138Sn
135Sb136Sb137Sb138Sb139Sb140Sb
136Te137Te138Te139Te140Te141Te142Te143Te
137I138I139I140I141I142I143I144I145I
138Xe139Xe140Xe141Xe142Xe143Xe144Xe145Xe146Xe147Xe148Xe
139Cs140Cs141Cs142Cs143Cs144Cs145Cs146Cs147Cs148Cs149Cs150Cs151Cs
140Ba141Ba142Ba143Ba144Ba145Ba146Ba147Ba148Ba149Ba150Ba151Ba152Ba153Ba
141La142La143La144La145La146La147La148La149La150La151La152La153La154La155La
142Ce143Ce144Ce145Ce146Ce147Ce148Ce149Ce150Ce151Ce152Ce153Ce154Ce155Ce156Ce157Ce
143Pr144Pr145Pr146Pr147Pr148Pr149Pr150Pr151Pr152Pr153Pr154Pr155Pr156Pr157Pr158Pr159Pr
144Nd145Nd146Nd147Nd148Nd149Nd150Nd151Nd152Nd153Nd154Nd155Nd156Nd157Nd158Nd159Nd160Nd161Nd
145Pm146Pm147Pm148Pm149Pm150Pm151Pm152Pm153Pm154Pm155Pm156Pm157Pm158Pm159Pm160Pm161Pm162Pm163Pm
146Sm147Sm148Sm149Sm150Sm151Sm152Sm153Sm154Sm155Sm156Sm157Sm158Sm159Sm160Sm161Sm162Sm163Sm164Sm165Sm
147Eu148Eu149Eu150Eu151Eu152Eu153Eu154Eu155Eu156Eu157Eu158Eu159Eu160Eu161Eu162Eu163Eu164Eu165Eu166Eu167Eu168Eu
148Gd149Gd150Gd151Gd152Gd153Gd154Gd155Gd156Gd157Gd158Gd159Gd160Gd161Gd162Gd163Gd164Gd165Gd166Gd167Gd168Gd169Gd
149Tb150Tb151Tb152Tb153Tb154Tb155Tb156Tb157Tb158Tb159Tb160Tb161Tb162Tb163Tb164Tb165Tb166Tb167Tb168Tb169Tb170Tb171Tb
150Dy151Dy152Dy153Dy154Dy155Dy156Dy157Dy158Dy159Dy160Dy161Dy162Dy163Dy164Dy165Dy166Dy167Dy168Dy169Dy170Dy171Dy172Dy173Dy
151Ho152Ho153Ho154Ho155Ho156Ho157Ho158Ho159Ho160Ho161Ho162Ho163Ho164Ho165Ho166Ho167Ho168Ho169Ho170Ho171Ho172Ho173Ho174Ho175Ho
152Er153Er154Er155Er156Er157Er158Er159Er160Er161Er162Er163Er164Er165Er166Er167Er168Er169Er170Er171Er172Er173Er174Er175Er176Er177Er
153Tm154Tm155Tm156Tm157Tm158Tm159Tm160Tm161Tm162Tm163Tm164Tm165Tm166Tm167Tm168Tm169Tm170Tm171Tm172Tm173Tm174Tm175Tm176Tm177Tm178Tm179Tm
154Yb155Yb156Yb157Yb158Yb159Yb160Yb161Yb162Yb163Yb164Yb165Yb166Yb167Yb168Yb169Yb170Yb171Yb172Yb173Yb174Yb175Yb176Yb177Yb178Yb179Yb180Yb181Yb
155Lu156Lu157Lu158Lu159Lu160Lu161Lu162Lu163Lu164Lu165Lu166Lu167Lu168Lu169Lu170Lu171Lu172Lu173Lu174Lu175Lu176Lu177Lu178Lu179Lu180Lu181Lu182Lu183Lu184Lu
156Hf157Hf158Hf159Hf160Hf161Hf162Hf163Hf164Hf165Hf166Hf167Hf168Hf169Hf170Hf171Hf172Hf173Hf174Hf175Hf176Hf177Hf178Hf179Hf180Hf181Hf182Hf183Hf184Hf185Hf186Hf187Hf188Hf189Hf
157Ta158Ta159Ta160Ta161Ta162Ta163Ta164Ta165Ta166Ta167Ta168Ta169Ta170Ta171Ta172Ta173Ta174Ta175Ta176Ta177Ta178Ta179Ta180Ta181Ta182Ta183Ta184Ta185Ta186Ta187Ta188Ta189Ta190Ta191Ta192Ta
158W159W160W161W162W163W164W165W166W167W168W169W170W171W172W173W174W175W176W177W178W179W180W181W182W183W184W185W186W187W188W189W190W191W192W193W194W
159Re160Re161Re162Re163Re164Re165Re166Re167Re168Re169Re170Re171Re172Re173Re174Re175Re176Re177Re178Re179Re180Re181Re182Re183Re184Re185Re186Re187Re188Re189Re190Re191Re192Re193Re194Re195Re
161Os162Os163Os164Os165Os166Os167Os168Os169Os170Os171Os172Os173Os174Os175Os176Os177Os178Os179Os180Os181Os182Os183Os184Os185Os186Os187Os188Os189Os190Os191Os192Os193Os194Os195Os196Os
164Ir165Ir166Ir167Ir168Ir169Ir170Ir171Ir172Ir173Ir174Ir175Ir176Ir177Ir178Ir179Ir180Ir181Ir182Ir183Ir184Ir185Ir186Ir187Ir188Ir189Ir190Ir191Ir192Ir193Ir194Ir195Ir196Ir197Ir
166Pt167Pt168Pt169Pt170Pt171Pt172Pt173Pt174Pt175Pt176Pt177Pt178Pt179Pt180Pt181Pt182Pt183Pt184Pt185Pt186Pt187Pt188Pt189Pt190Pt191Pt192Pt193Pt194Pt195Pt196Pt197Pt198Pt
170Au171Au172Au173Au174Au175Au176Au177Au178Au179Au180Au181Au182Au183Au184Au185Au186Au187Au188Au189Au190Au191Au192Au193Au194Au195Au196Au197Au198Au199Au
171Hg172Hg173Hg174Hg175Hg176Hg177Hg178Hg179Hg180Hg181Hg182Hg183Hg184Hg185Hg186Hg187Hg188Hg189Hg190Hg191Hg192Hg193Hg194Hg195Hg196Hg197Hg198Hg199Hg200Hg
176Tl177Tl178Tl179Tl180Tl181Tl182Tl183Tl184Tl185Tl186Tl187Tl188Tl189Tl190Tl191Tl192Tl193Tl194Tl195Tl196Tl197Tl198Tl199Tl200Tl201Tl
178Pb179Pb180Pb181Pb182Pb183Pb184Pb185Pb186Pb187Pb188Pb189Pb190Pb191Pb192Pb193Pb194Pb195Pb196Pb197Pb198Pb199Pb200Pb201Pb202Pb
184Bi185Bi186Bi187Bi188Bi189Bi190Bi191Bi192Bi193Bi194Bi195Bi196Bi197Bi198Bi199Bi200Bi201Bi202Bi203Bi
187Po188Po189Po190Po191Po192Po193Po194Po195Po196Po197Po198Po199Po200Po201Po202Po203Po204Po
191At192At193At194At195At196At197At198At199At200At201At202At203At204At205At
193Rn194Rn195Rn196Rn197Rn198Rn199Rn200Rn201Rn202Rn203Rn204Rn205Rn206Rn
199Fr200Fr201Fr202Fr203Fr204Fr205Fr206Fr207Fr
201Ra202Ra203Ra204Ra205Ra206Ra207Ra208Ra
205Ac206Ac207Ac208Ac209Ac
208Th209Th210Th

 

Literatur und Hinweise

Eigenschaften der Rhenium-Isotope

[1] - NuDat: National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, based on ENSDF and the Nuclear Wallet Cards.

[2] - G. Audi et. al.: The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties. Nuclear Physics, (2003), DOI 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001.

[3] - Live Chart of Nuclides. Nuclear structure and decay data.

Rhenium: Kernmagnetische Eigenschaften - 185Re-NMR, 187Re-NMR

[4] - N. J. Stone: Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2005), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2005.04.001.

[5] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2008 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2008), DOI 10.1080/00268970802018367.

[6] - Pekka Pyykkö: Year-2017 nuclear quadrupole moments. Molecular Physics, (2018), DOI 10.1080/00268976.2018.1426131.

[7] - N. J. Stone: Table of recommended nuclear magnetic dipole moments. IAEA, (2019).

Weitere Quellen:

[8] - Isotopenhäufigkeiten, Atommassen und Isotopenmassen: Siehe unter dem jeweiligen Stichwort.

[9] - Christopher R. Pearce, Anthony S. Cohen, Ian J. Parkinson:
Quantitative Separation of Molybdenum and Rhenium from Geological Materials for Isotopic Determination by MC-ICP-MS.
In: Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, (2009), DOI 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2009.00012.x.

[10] - Christian A. Miller, Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Lary Ball:
Precise determination of rhenium isotope composition by multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
In: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, (2009), DOI 10.1039/B818631F.

[11] - R. Robinson, M. Thoennessen:
Discovery of tantalum, rhenium, osmium, and iridium isotopes.
In: Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, (2012), DOI 10.1016/j.adt.2011.09.003.

 


Kategorie: Chemische Elemente

Letzte Änderung am 05.07.2020.



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